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Cesarean Section, Obstetric Violence and Humanizing Delivery: the legacy of these intervenient the emotional life of the woman.

Grant number: 14/50734-3
Support Opportunities:Research Grants - Research in Public Policies
Duration: September 01, 2015 - August 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Psychology - Psychological Treatment and Prevention
Principal Investigator:Miria Benincasa Gomes
Grantee:Miria Benincasa Gomes
Host Institution: Escola de Ciências Médicas e da Saúde. Universidade Metodista de São Paulo (UMESP). Instituto Metodista de Ensino Superior (IMS). São Bernardo do Campo , SP, Brazil
Partner institutions: Associação Artemis - Aceleradora Social

Abstract

Objectives. The current study sought to investigate differences and similarities between women who experience three delivery models: the humanized birth, elective caesarean section, and vaginal delivery with obstetric violence. We aimed to identify whether obstetric violence or an earlier delivery (through elective caesarean section) generate losses for the woman and her relationship with the baby. The findings of the current study may inform public policies focused on the humanization of childbirth and obstetric violence reduction. Materials and Method. Ninety women were selected, with equal numbers representing the following three groups: those who underwent an elective cesarean, those, who experienced a humanized birth, and those who experienced obstetric violence. A psychological interview was held, with the following five instruments applied: the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, the Factorial Scale Satisfaction with Relationship bed, the Phillipson Test of Object Relations, and the Sociodemographic Questionnaire. Qualitative analysis was performed using the Object Relations Theory of Melanie Klein. Quantitative analysis included both inferential and descriptive statistical analysis. (AU)

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