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How does fire season affect Cerrado vegetation?

Grant number: 15/06743-0
Support Opportunities:Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
Duration: May 01, 2015 - February 29, 2020
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology - Ecosystems Ecology
Principal Investigator:Alessandra Tomaselli Fidelis
Grantee:Alessandra Tomaselli Fidelis
Host Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Rio Claro. Rio Claro , SP, Brazil
Associated researchers:Aline Redondo Martins ; Isabel Belloni Schmidt ; Lara Amaral Souza
Associated grant(s):19/09903-0 - Fire-adapted seed traits in Cerrado species, AP.R
18/08892-1 - 61st Annual Symposium of the International Association for Vegetation Science, AR.EXT
Associated scholarship(s):19/07357-8 - Fire behavior and vegetation responses in experimental fires on Amazonian Savanna using remote sensing and in situ measurements, BP.PD
19/17378-2 - Analysis of germination and seed traits from Cerrado: elaboration of a database, BP.TT
18/21300-6 - Does the protection of aerial buds in woody plants occur in response to fire in Cerrado?, BP.MS
+ associated scholarships 18/18696-5 - Evaluation of above- and belowground biomass and traits in areas with different fire histories in Cerrado, BP.IC
18/18822-0 - Above- and belowground biomass of campo sujo, BP.TT
18/09054-0 - Invasions by African grasses and Cerrado restoration: an approach by state-and-transition models, BP.DR
17/22618-7 - How often should we burn the Cerrado? the effect of fire frequency on Cerrado communities, BP.MS
18/02949-1 - Germination experiments in species and soil seed bank in Cerrado, BP.TT
17/02934-1 - After fire, where to the resprouts come from? Evaluation of the bud bank and belowground organs of Cerrado, BP.PD
17/16149-4 - The effect of fire on phenology, seed and germination traits of cerrado species, BP.MS
17/09914-6 - Flammability of Cerrado, BP.MS
16/13232-5 - Digging deeper: contribution of belowground plant traits to the functioning of tropical old-growth grasslands, BP.PD
15/01380-7 - Anatomical changes and starch allocation in response to the fire in Urochloa brizantha R.D. Webster, BP.IC
15/11176-8 - Effects of fire on germination and growth of campo sujo leguminous field seedlings, BP.IC
15/10714-6 - How burnings at different times a year can affect invasive grasses and native Cerrado vegetation?, BP.MS - associated scholarships


This proposal aims to study the effects of fire season on campo sujo areas in different regions of Brazil: Goiás, Tocantins and São Paulo. Therefore, this project aims to establish permanent experiment plots for long-term studies, where the fire behavior will be determined in the different seasons (beginning, middle and end of the dry season). Although the results of this project will be about the short-term changes caused on vegetation, the establishment of long-term experimental studies is of crucial importance for the understanding of fire effects on vegetation. This proposal intends to analyze the changes in vegetation flammability in the different seasons, using functional traits of the vegetation. Vegetation dynamics (above- and belowground), as well as persistence strategies will be evaluated in detail in one of the study regions (Goiás), in oder to understand how fire season affects Cerrado vegetation regeneration and dynamics, mostly the herbaceous layer. Finally, this project will analyze the effects of fire season on the productivity and carbon flux in campo sujo area, leading to a better elaboration of management plans for conservation units. A database of functional traits (morphologicaland physiological) related to fire will be elaborated. Experimental studies with permanent plots and fire experiments are rare in Brazil and thus, this proposal is novel in this issue, since it is dealing with different aspects related to fire: effects on the herbaceous layer of the vegetation (above- and belowground), fire behavior and even the elaboration of a database with functional traits related to fire. Thus, the fire effects on the vegetation can be better interpreted and generalized to other areas. (AU)

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Scientific publications (41)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DOS SANTOS, ANA CARLA; MONTENEGRO, SAMUEL DA ROCHA; FERREIRA, MAXMILLER CARDOSO; SENA BARRADAS, ANA CAROLINA; SCHMIDT, ISABEL BELLONI. Managing fires in a changing world: Fuel and weather determine fire behavior and safety in the neotropical savannas. Journal of Environmental Management, v. 289, . (15/06743-0)
ZANZARINI, VAGNER; ANDERSEN, ALAN N.; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Flammability in tropical savannas: Variation among growth forms and seasons in Cerrado. Biotropica, v. 54, n. 4, p. 9-pg., . (17/09914-6, 15/06743-0)
TEIXEIRA, JULIANA; SOUZA, LARA; LE STRADIC, SOIZIG; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. ire promotes functional plant diversity and modifies soil carbon dynamics in tropical savann. Science of The Total Environment, v. 812, . (15/06743-0)
ALVES, DANIEL BORINI; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA; PEREZ-CABELLO, FERNANDO; ALVARADO, SWANNI T.; CONCIANI, DHEMERSON ESTEVAO; CAMBRAIA, BRUNO CONTURSI; PIRES DA SILVEIRA, ANTONIO LAFFAYETE; SILVA, THIAGO SANNA FREIRE. Impact of image acquisition lag-time on monitoring short-term postfire spectral dynamics in tropical savannas: the Campos Amazonicos Fire Experiment. JOURNAL OF APPLIED REMOTE SENSING, v. 16, n. 3, p. 24-pg., . (15/06743-0, 19/07357-8)
PAUSAS, JULI G.; LAMONT, BYRON B.; PAULA, SUSANA; APPEZZATO-DA-GLORIA, BEATRIZ; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Unearthing belowground bud banks in fire-prone ecosystems. NEW PHYTOLOGIST, v. 217, n. 4, p. 1435-1448, . (15/06743-0)
FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Is fire the ?bad ``?. FLORA, v. 268, . (15/06743-0)
SCHMIDT, ISABEL BELLONI; ELOY, LUDIVINE. Fire regime in the Brazilian Savanna: Recent changes, policy and management. FLORA, v. 268, . (15/06743-0)
FELIPE DAIBES, L.; GORGONE-BARBOSA, ELIZABETH; SILVEIRA, FERNANDO A. O.; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Gaps critical for the survival of exposed seeds during Cerrado fires. Australian Journal of Botany, v. 66, n. 2, p. 116-123, . (15/06743-0)
RISSI, MARIANA NINNO; BAEZA, M. JAIME; GORGONE-BARBOSA, ELIZABETH; ZUPO, TALITA; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Does season affect fire behaviour in the Cerrado?. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF WILDLAND FIRE, v. 26, n. 5, p. 427-433, . (15/06743-0)
TALITA ZUPO; M. JAIME BAEZA; ALESSANDRA FIDELIS. The effect of simulated heat-shock and daily temperature fluctuations on seed germination of four species from fire-prone ecosystems. Acta Botanica Brasilica, v. 30, n. 3, p. 514-519, . (15/06743-0)
DAIREL, MARIANA; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. How does fire affect germination of grasses in the Cerrado?. SEED SCIENCE RESEARCH, v. 30, n. 4, SI, p. 275-283, . (15/06743-0)
RODRIGUES, CASSY ANNE; ZIRONDI, HELOIZA LOURENCO; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Fire frequency affects fire behavior in open savannas of the Cerrado. FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT, v. 482, . (17/16149-4, 15/06743-0)
DAIBES, L. FELIPE; MARTINS, ALINE R.; SILVEIRA, FERNANDO A. O.; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Seed tolerance to post-fire temperature fluctuation of Cerrado legume shrubs with micromorphological implications. FLORA, v. 275, . (15/06743-0)
DAMASCENO, GABRIELLA; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Per-capita impacts of an invasive grass vary across levels of ecological organization in a tropical savanna. Biological Invasions, v. N/A, p. 16-pg., . (18/14995-8, 15/06743-0, 18/09054-0)
RODRIGUES, CASSY ANNE; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Should we burn the Cerrado? Effects of fire frequency on open savanna plant communities. JOURNAL OF VEGETATION SCIENCE, v. 33, n. 6, p. 11-pg., . (15/06743-0, 17/22618-7)
FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA; ALVARADO, SWANNI T.; BARRADAS, ANA CAROLINA S.; PIVELLO, VANIA R.. The Year 2017: Megafires and Management in the Cerrado. FIRE-SWITZERLAND, v. 1, n. 3, p. 11-pg., . (14/12728-1, 15/06743-0)
FELIPE DAIBES, L.; ZUPO, TALITA; SILVEIRA, FERNANDO A. O.; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. A field perspective on effects of fire and temperature fluctuation on Cerrado legume seeds. SEED SCIENCE RESEARCH, v. 27, n. 2, SI, p. 74-83, . (15/06743-0)
MOURA, LIVIA C.; SCARIOT, ALDICIR O.; SCHMIDT, ISABEL B.; BEATTY, ROBIN; RUSSELL-SMITH, JEREMY. The legacy of colonial fire management policies on traditional livelihoods and ecological sustainability in savannas: Impacts, consequences, new directions. Journal of Environmental Management, v. 232, p. 600-606, . (15/06743-0)
ZIRONDI, HELOIZA LOURENCO; JOSE, HENRIQUE DE PINHO; DAIBES, L. FELIPE; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Heat and smoke affect the germination of flammable resprouters: Vellozia species in the Cerrado. FOLIA GEOBOTANICA, v. 54, n. 1-2, p. 65-72, . (15/06743-0)
CHIMINAZZO, MARCO ANTONIO; BOMBO, ALINE BERTOLOSI; CHARLES-DOMINIQUE, TRISTAN; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Your best buds are worth protecting: Variation in bud protection in a fire-prone cerrado system. FUNCTIONAL ECOLOGY, v. 35, n. 11, . (18/21300-6, 15/06743-0, 17/02934-1)
ZUPO, TALITA; GORGONE-BARBOSA, ELIZABETH; RISSI, MARIANA NINNO; DAIBES, LUIS FELIPE. Experimental burns in an open savanna: Greater fuel loads result in hotter fires. AUSTRAL ECOLOGY, v. N/A, p. 12-pg., . (15/06743-0)
DAMASCENO, GABRIELLA; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Abundance of invasive grasses is dependent on fire regime and climatic conditions in tropical savannas. Journal of Environmental Management, v. 271, . (15/06743-0, 15/10714-6)
DAMASCENO, GABRIELLA; SOUZA, LARA; PIVELLO, VANIA R.; GORGONE-BARBOSA, ELIZABETH; GIROLDO, PAULA Z.; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Impact of invasive grasses on Cerrado under natural regeneration. Biological Invasions, v. 20, n. 12, p. 3621-3629, . (15/06743-0, 15/10714-6)
DORNELAS, MARIA; ANTAO, LAURA H.; MOYES, FAYE; BATES, AMANDA E.; MAGURRAN, ANNE E.; ADAM, DUSAN; AKHMETZHANOVA, ASEM A.; APPELTANS, WARD; ARCOS, JOSE MANUEL; ARNOLD, HALEY; et al. BioTIME: A database of biodiversity time series for the Anthropocene. GLOBAL ECOLOGY AND BIOGEOGRAPHY, v. 27, n. 7, p. 760-786, . (13/50718-5, 15/06743-0, 99/09635-0, 13/50714-0, 15/10714-6, 08/10049-9)
BUISSON, ELISE; LE STRADIC, SOIZIG; SILVEIRA, FERNANDO A. O.; DURIGAN, GISELDA; OVERBECK, GERHARD E.; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA; WILSON FERNANDES, G.; BOND, WILLIAM J.; HERMANN, JULIA-MARIA; MAHY, GREGORY; et al. Resilience and restoration of tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and grassy woodlands. BIOLOGICAL REVIEWS, v. 94, n. 2, p. 590-609, . (16/13232-5, 18/03755-6, 17/14236-7, 15/06743-0, 14/12728-1)
ZIRONDI, HELOIZA L.; SILVEIRA, FERNANDO A. O.; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Fire effects on seed germination: Heat shock and smoke on permeable vs impermeable seed coats. FLORA, v. 253, p. 98-106, . (15/06743-0, 12/24240-8)
ELIZABETH GORGONE-BARBOSA; LUÍS FELIPE DAIBES; RAFAEL B. NOVAES; VÂNIA REGINA PIVELLO; ALESSANDRA FIDELIS. Fire cues and germination of invasive and native grasses in the Cerrado. Acta Botanica Brasilica, v. 34, n. 1, p. 185-191, . (15/06743-0)
LE STRADIC, SOIZIG; ROUMET, CATHERINE; DURIGAN, GISELDA; CANCIAN, LEONARDO; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Variation in biomass allocation and root functional parameters in response to fire history in Brazilian savannas. JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY, v. 109, n. 12, . (16/13232-5, 15/06743-0, 18/03755-6)
BOMBO, A. B.; SIEBERT, F.; FIDELIS, A.. Fire and herbivory shape belowground bud banks in a semi-arid African savanna. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF RANGE & FORAGE SCIENCE, . (17/02934-1, 15/06743-0, 18/17612-2)
BUISSON, ELISE; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA; OVERBECK, GERHARD E.; SCHMIDT, ISABEL B.; DURIGAN, GISELDA; YOUNG, TRUMAN P.; ALVARADO, SWANNI T.; ARRUDA, ANDRE J.; BOISSON, SYLVAIN; BOND, WILLIAM; et al. A research agenda for the restoration of tropical and subtropical grasslands and savannas. RESTORATION ECOLOGY, v. 29, n. 1, SI, . (15/06743-0, 19/09903-0, 19/07773-1)
BOMBO, ALINE BERTOLOSI; APPEZZATO-DA-GLORIA, BEATRIZ; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Fire exclusion changes belowground bud bank and bud-bearing organ composition jeopardizing open savanna resilience. Oecologia, v. 199, n. 1, p. 12-pg., . (15/06743-0)
FELIPE DAIBES, L.; PAUSAS, JULI G.; BONANI, NATHALIA; NUNES, JESSIKA; SILVEIRA, FERNANDO A. O.; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Fire and legume germination in a tropical savanna: ecological and historical factors. ANNALS OF BOTANY, v. 123, n. 7, p. 1219-1229, . (15/06743-0, 15/11176-8)
DAIREL, MARIANA; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. The presence of invasive grasses affects the soil seed bank composition and dynamics of both invaded and non-invaded areas of open savannas. Journal of Environmental Management, v. 276, . (15/06743-0)
ZIRONDI, HELOIZA L.; OOI, MARK K. J.; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Fire-triggered flowering is the dominant post-fire strategy in a tropical savanna. JOURNAL OF VEGETATION SCIENCE, v. 32, n. 2, . (15/06743-0, 18/08017-3, 17/16149-4)
FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA; ZIRONDI, HELOIZA L.. And after fire, the Cerrado flowers: A review of post-fire flowering in a tropical savanna. FLORA, v. 280, . (15/06743-0, 17/16149-4)
DAIREL, MARIANA; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. How does fire affect germination of grasses in the Cerrado?. SEED SCIENCE RESEARCH, v. 30, n. 4, p. 9-pg., . (15/06743-0)
FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA; ROSALEM, PATRICIA; ZANZARINI, VAGNER; CAMARGOS, LILIANE S.; MARTINS, ALINE R.. From ashes to flowers: a savanna sedge initiates flowers 24 h after fire. ECOLOGY, v. 100, n. 5, p. 4-pg., . (15/06743-0)
CHIMINAZZO, MARCO ANTONIO; BOMBO, ALINE BERTOLOSI; CHARLES-DOMINIQUE, TRISTAN; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. To protect or to hide: Why not both? An investigation of fire-related strategies in Cerrado woody species. FLORA, v. 306, p. 8-pg., . (17/02934-1, 18/21300-6, 15/06743-0, 21/09269-9)
FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. Is fire the ?bad "?. FLORA, v. 268, p. 3-pg., . (15/06743-0)
FELIPE DAIBES, L.; ZUPO, TALITA; SILVEIRA, FERNANDO A. O.; FIDELIS, ALESSANDRA. A field perspective on effects of fire and temperature fluctuation on Cerrado legume seeds. SEED SCIENCE RESEARCH, v. 27, n. 2, p. 10-pg., . (15/06743-0)

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