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Way of life and social complexity among ancient coastal groups of South America

Grant number: 13/14799-0
Support Opportunities:Regular Research Grants
Duration: June 01, 2014 - November 30, 2016
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Archeology - Prehistoric Archaeology
Principal Investigator:Sabine Eggers
Grantee:Sabine Eggers
Host Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated researchers: André Carlo Colonese ; Celia Helena Cezar Boyadjian ; Fernando Lucas de Melo ; José Filippini ; Maria Mercedes Martinez Okumura ; Rita Scheel-Ybert


The archaic groups on the Pacific and Atlantic coasts initially subsisted on marine resources. At the Central Andres they showed monumentality, territoriality and sedentism, early adopting agriculture, a development that culminated in complex systems of socio-political organization, states and empires. In contrast, the most conspicuous monumentality at the Atlantic coast are the sambaquis that (even with sedentism, elaborate funerary rituals and monumental structures) do not show evidences of complex socio-political structures comparable to those from the Central Andes, being substituted by farmers coming from the inland.Through the reconstruction of the way of life of various prehistoric groups that inhabited different coastal ecosystems in South America, this project will distill the factors responsible for the initially marine dependent archaic societies to maintain this way of life or to eventually turn into complex societies. We therefore will compare bioarchaeologic markers regarding paleopathology, paleodiet and paleogenetics. The integration of these findings with archaeological data from the different regions will allow us to describe the processes of social complexification of each of the groups, as well as better comprehend which factors lead to different degrees of social complexification in distinct ecosystems of South America. (AU)

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Scientific publications (4)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
PEZO-LANFRANCO, LUIS; PERALTA, ARTURO; GUILLEN, SONIA; EGGERS, SABINE. Oral pathology patterns in late farmers of the Central Andes: A comparative perspective between coastal and highland populations. HOMO-JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE HUMAN BIOLOGY, v. 68, n. 5, p. 343-361, . (15/05391-3, 13/14799-0)
PEZO-LANFRANCO, LUIS; FILIPPINI, JOSE; DI GIUSTO, MARINA; PETRONILHO, CECILIA; WESOLOWSKI, VERONICA; DEBLASIS, PAULO; EGGERS, SABINE. Child development, physiological stress and survival expectancy in prehistoric fisher-hunter-gatherers from the Jabuticabeira II shell mound, South Coast of Brazil. PLoS One, v. 15, n. 3, . (13/14799-0, 15/05391-3, 17/17580-0)
PEZO-LANFRANCO, LUIS; DEBLASIS, PAULO; EGGERS, SABINE. Weaning process and subadult diets in a monumental Brazilian shellmound. JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE-REPORTS, v. 22, p. 452-469, . (04/11038-0, 15/05391-3, 13/14799-0)
CARVALHO, MARIA RITA G.; PEZO-LANFRANCO, LUIS; EGGERS, SABINE. `One tooth one child': evaluating the effects of diet and fertility on the oral health of women from archaeological sites in South America. European Journal of Oral Sciences, v. 127, n. 1, p. 52-64, . (15/05391-3, 13/14799-0)

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