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Holographic description of the strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma


Hadronic matter changes radically when subjected to extreme temperatures and densities and the new degrees of freedom that appear under these conditions are deconfined, though still strongly interacting, quarks and gluons. Thisstrong correlation among quarks and gluons in the deconfined phase of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) is responsible for the nearly perfect fluid behavior inferred from the measured elliptic flow of hadrons formed in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions. In this project, effective 5-dimensional holographic models based on the AdS/CFT (Anti-de Sitter/Conformal Field Theory) duality will be developed to study the QGP and its properties. These models will be able to describe the strong breakingof conformal invariance that occurs near the deconfinement phase transition of QCD, as obtained by lattice QCD simulations, and they will also be used in the calculation of new dynamical and transport properties of the QGP that can be investigated using ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions performed at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and also at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). (AU)

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(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ANDRADE, R. P. G.; NORONHA, J.; DENICOL, GABRIEL S.. Jet quenching effects on the anisotropic flow at RHIC. Nuclear Physics A, v. 932, p. 432-436, . (11/21173-5, 12/14057-1)

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