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The sacred and religious space in the Cláudio Pastro work: a study of Cláudio Pastro architectural and plastic production and the catholic church architecture in the Twentieth Century

Abstract

Overall this essay is about architecture and art, but mainly its object is to treat specifically the fields which refer to both the construction of religious spaces, and the hole art contained inside them and raised from them as well. More specifically, this essay also built and reports its reflections based on the contemporary Christian artwork and architectural spaces, produced and projected by artist and vernacular architect Cláudio Pastro. The analysis in this essay approaches Pastro biography through his unique process of working and creating, as a painter, pictorial artist, architect and sacred art expert. The second chapter explores Pastro conceptions between sacred art and religious art, which are indeed different: each conception is clearly refereed, explained, discussed, compared to the other ones, and looked over through the eyes of Mircea Eliade and Rudolf Otto phenomenology. Still in the field of the Theology of the Art, the thinking of Romano Guardini about the sacred and the religious is also shown. In the third chapter, a timeline brief of the history of art and sacred architecture and a comparative study between his conceptions about the modem project related to the architecture and the vanguard arts. We end with the analysis and critical reviewing of nine of his chapels and churches already built and we comment the repercussion of Cláudio Pastro works, and the importance of his figure within the Brazilian Sacred Art and architectural panorama. (AU)

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