The evolution of bloodfeeding by mosquitoes is arguably the most important insect adaptation in terms of human misery and disease in the world today. Most research on mosquitoes has been directed towards their control. However, this has resulted in a common misconception that mosquitoes as a group are well known taxonomically. Mosquitoes form a diverse monophyletic assemblage with global distribution. Only a minority of the 3,523 currently known species are important pests of humans. Mosquitoes have much to give to basic science, for instance, as indicators of Neotropical diversity and for studies of evolution and speciation. Funding from FAPESP will propitiate the continuation of the studies on Anophelinae mosquito, incorporating the following: comprehensive, illustrated taxonomic keys for species of the Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus); species discovery and description to fill gaps in knowledge, with particular emphasis on species from threatened biodiversity hotspots; a predictive classification founded on both morphological and molecular characters; and a nexus for building and maintaining the mosquito community through communication and training. Intellectual Merit -In a time of a new research agenda for malaria elimination and of declining taxonomic expertise, this project brings together specialists in ecology, taxonomy and evolution of Culicidae, -project will provide taxonomic training and facilitate identification by specialists and non-specialists alike, -will produce a predictive classification that will lay a foundation for addressing, in future studies: biogeographic hypotheses; questions about host/parasite evolution; the origin of medically important traits; environmental, climatic and anthropogenic factors that influence rates of speciation, -will add a phylogenetic framework to evolution and spatial distribution of Anopheles darlingi, -will establish a mechanism for collaborations between mosquito taxonomists, ecologists and other members of the mosquito specialist community. Broader Impacts-Project will propitiate the training of undergraduates, graduate students and post doctorates in mosquito taxonomy using molecular and morphological characters, -will democratize mosquito taxonomy knowledge through the dissemination of species identifications keys using both adults and immature characteristics, -will foster international collaborations with Natural History Museum, London, and National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C., -information will be disseminated from publications, and national and international congress. (AU)
Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FOSTER, PETER G.;
PORANGABA DE OLIVEIRA, TATIANE MARQUES;
BERGO, EDUARDO S.;
CONN, JAN E.;
SANT'ANA, DENISE CRISTINA;
NAGAKI, SANDRA SAYURI;
LAMAS, CARLOS EINICKER;
MOREIRA, CAIO CESAR;
MUREB SALLUM, MARIA ANICE.
Phylogeny of Anophelinae using mitochondrial protein coding genes.
ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE,
Web of Science Citations: 18.