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Rural Triatoma rubrovaria from Southern Brazil harbors Trypanosoma cruzi of lineage IIc


Triatoma infestans, the main vector of Chagas disease, is nearly eliminated from Brazil. Nevertheless, other triatominae species are involved in domiciliation process, including Triatoma rubrovaria in Rio Grande do Sul State (RS). Previous studies showed that 1,6% of the T. rubrovaria specimens collected at the rural district of Quaraí, RS, were naturally infected by Trypanosoma cruzi. In this study, five T. cruzi isolates obtained from infected triatomines, were characterized molecularly and biologically. Genotyping of the T. cruzi isolates revealed that they belong to lineage IIc of T. cruzi (TCIIc). Biological characterization revealed miotropism and myositis during acute and chronic phases of infection, respectively. Virulence and mortality rates were variable among isolates. To our knowledge, this study corresponds to the first characterization of T. cruzi isolates from T. rubrovaria and the first description of TCIIc in the sylvatic cycle of T. cruzi from the Southern region of Brazil. (AU)

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