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Physical activity and nutrition education, at school, for prevention and control of children overweight: a systematic review

Abstract

The inordinate increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity at the international level today is one of the targets of concern the department of public health, and gradually has been the focus of many studies and interventions which emphasize the need for more evidence to clear and effective its prevention and reduction. Obesity can affect the short or long term health of individuals, through problems such as left ventricular hypertrophy in young-adult and atherosclerosis, which is due to the formation of plaques of fat in the arterial wall and may lead to coronary artery disease , cerebrovascular disease and peripheral vascular disease.The promotion of regular practice of physical activity through physical education school can be an effective way to prevent obesity among children, especially girls. There is an inverse relationship between physical activity and incidence of hypertension. The earlier the entrance to the practice of physical activities, there will be more effective in combating the increase in body mass index (BMI).Nutrition Education is to extend the knowledge on nutrition and the ability to understand the practices and eating behavior, improving the relationship of the individual in the environment which is introduced, allowing the taking of decisions under the situation presented.Systematic review is a review of evidence by a well formulated question, using clear methods to identify, select and critically evaluate the relevant primary research, whose results are obtained through the combined analysis of several original studies, which in its were used instead of the same methodology in order to compare the effect of health interventions. The use of statistical methods to summarize the results of independent studies is known as Meta-Analysis. The study design adopted by this work has increasingly been published in scientific journals of higher impact due to the strength of their evidence and their ability to be reproduced. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
GUERRA, PAULO HENRIQUE; CUCE NOBRE, MOACYR ROBERTO; CARDOSO DA SILVEIRA, JONAS AUGUSTO; AGUIAR CARRAZEDO TADDEI, JOSE AUGUSTO. School-based physical activity and nutritional education interventions on body mass index: A meta-analysis of randomised community trials - Project PANE. PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, v. 61, p. 81-89, . (09/12438-5)
SILVEIRA, JONAS A. C.; TADDEI, JOSE A. A. C.; GUERRA, PAULO H.; NOBRE, MOACYR R. C.. Effectiveness of school-based nutrition education interventions to prevent and reduce excessive weight gain in children and adolescents: a systematic review. Jornal de Pediatria, v. 87, n. 5, p. 382-392, . (09/12438-5)
CARDOSO DA SILVEIRA, JONAS AUGUSTO; DE AGUIAR CARRAZEDO TADDEI, JOSE AUGUSTO; GUERRA, PAULO HENRIQUE; CUCE NOBRE, MOACYR ROBERTO. The effect of participation in school-based nutrition education interventions on body mass index: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled community trials. PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, v. 56, n. 3-4, p. 237-243, . (09/12438-5)

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