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Controls of the Atlantic Rainforest on the local and regional climate

Abstract

This proposal intends to investigate the control of the forest of the Serra do Mar on the local regional climate, by means of precise measurements of the local processes (surface and local fluxes) on an area of the Atlantic Rainforest in an instrumented microbasin in the southeast of the State of São Paulo. The proposal will benefit from complementary micrometeorological measurements from a tower for measuring turbulent fluxes implemented in the thematic project Composition, structure and functioning of the forest in the Serra do Mar State Park, a Sodar deriving from a partnership established between the University of São Paulo and Petrobras. These measurements will be carried out in parallel with the results of the FAPESP project Balance of carbon in the Atlantic Rainforest through biometric and micrometeorological measurements and a network of meteorological stations from the project Study of the predictability of extreme events in the Serra do Mar with a view to refining the knowledge of the dynamic of the exchanges of water and carbon in the Atlantic Rainforest, together with data on the vertical profile of wind and temperature obtained with the help of a Sodar. The body of information collected will promote the validation of atmospheric models and the carrying out of simulations tackling the question of control of the Atlantic Rainforest on local and regional climate and will try to establish what is the magnitude of the forest’s contribution to the climatic regime (temperature and precipitation) on a local and regional scale and whether deforestation or the introduction of new forms of land use (pastures, eucalyptus, etc.) could alter the local and regional climate pattern. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
PADGURSCHI, MAIRA C. G.; VIEIRA, SIMONE A.; STEFANI, EDSON J. F.; NARDOTO, GABRIELA B.; JOLY, CARLOS A.. Nitrogen input by bamboos in neotropical forest: a new perspective. PeerJ, v. 6, . (03/12595-7, 12/51872-5, 07/57465-4, 08/50285-3, 15/50682-6, 12/50343-9)

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