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Non-traditional cardiometabolic risk factors within the spectrum of the metabolic syndrome in the ELSA - São Paulo

Grant number: 09/15041-9
Support Opportunities:Regular Research Grants
Duration: January 01, 2011 - June 30, 2013
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine - Medical Clinics
Principal Investigator:Sandra Roberta Gouvea Ferreira Vivolo
Grantee:Sandra Roberta Gouvea Ferreira Vivolo
Host Institution: Faculdade de Saúde Pública (FSP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil


This project is included in the Longitudinal Study on Adult Health - ELSA. Among employees from public universities, epidemiological, clinical and molecular aspects of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus - which are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide - will be investigated. The ELSA assess associations between classical cardiovascular risk factors and will describe the temporal trends of those fators and determinants of the outcomes. However, several non-traditional risk factors, recently postulated, were not included in the major project. Among these factors, concentrations of circulating adipocytokines, inflammatory, endothelial and thrombotic markers, are elevated in individuals with increased adiposity and metabolic syndrome. The present study will describe the cardiometabolic profile of participants of the ELSA based on non-traditional cardiovascular risk factors and evaluate their associations with type 2 diabetes or components of the metabolic syndrome (central obesity, systemic hypertension, dyslipidemias, glucose intolerance). For this cross-sectional study, a sample of 1000 participants of both sexes, aged 35-55 years, without prevoius cardiovascular disease or diabetes was estimated. All subjects with prediabtic conditions will be included and the double of those with normal glucose tolerance. Variables of main interest will be: adiponectin and leptin; inflammatory markers IL-6, TNF-alpha, MCP-1, amyloid A and TGF-B1); fibrinogen; endothelial markers ADMA and E-selectin); apolipoprotein A1 and apolipoprotein B; ferritin and albumin. Subjects will be stratified according to the presence of metabolic syndrome or glucose metabolism disturbance. Independent associations with those dependent variables will be tested by logistic regression analysis; ROC curve will be used. Our results at baseline will be relevant for further analysis of the outcomes which are being assessed in the main study ELSA. Our additional findings should bring important data for the development of preventive programs for these chronic diseases and for the establishment of public policies, potentially able to slow the course of epidemics in the country. (AU)

Articles published in Pesquisa FAPESP Magazine about the research grant:
El peso de las emociones sobre el corazón 
Emotions weigh heavy on the heart 
Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CEZARETTO, ADRIANA; SUEMOTO, CLAUDIA KIMIE; BENSENOR, ISABELA; LOTUFO, PAULO A.; DE ALMEIDA-PITITTO, BIANCA; FERREIRA, SANDRA R. G.; GRP, ELSA RES. Association of adiponectin with cognitive function precedes overt diabetes in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health: ELSA. DIABETOLOGY & METABOLIC SYNDROME, v. 10, . (09/15041-9)
CEZARETTO, ADRIANA; DE ALMEIDA-PITITTO, BIANCA; ALENCAR, GIZELTON PEREIRA; SUEMOTO, CLAUDIA K.; BENSENOR, ISABELA; FERREIRA, SANDRA R. G.; AQUINO, ESTELA M. L.; MOTA, EDUARDO L. A.; BARRETO, SANDHI MARIA; AZEREDO PASSOS, VALERIA MARIA; et al. Utility of combined inflammatory biomarkers for the identification of cognitive dysfunction in non-diabetic participants of the ELSA-Brasil. PSYCHONEUROENDOCRINOLOGY, v. 103, p. 61-66, . (09/15041-9)

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