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Program of population studies on the consumption of ultraprocessed foods and health

Grant number: 22/05636-0
Support Opportunities:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: June 01, 2023 - May 31, 2028
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Nutrition - Nutritional Analysis of Population
Principal Investigator:Carlos Augusto Monteiro
Grantee:Carlos Augusto Monteiro
Host Institution: Faculdade de Saúde Pública (FSP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Pesquisadores principais:
Renata Bertazzi Levy
Associated researchers: Aluísio Jardim Dornellas de Barros ; Bruce Bartholow Duncan ; Catarina Machado Azeredo ; Christopher Joseph Millett ; Eduardo Augusto Fernandes Nilson ; Eurídice Martínez Steele ; Leandro Fórnias Machado de Rezende ; Luiz Augusto Marcondes Fonseca ; Maria Inês Schmidt ; Maria Laura da Costa Louzada ; Neha Khandpur ; Niyati Parekh ; Priscila Pereira Machado ; Rafael Moreira Claro
Associated scholarship(s):23/16144-3 - 'Creation and organization of the Nutrinet Brasil Study databases' of the project 'Program for Population Studies on Consumption of Ultra-Processed Foods and Health', BP.TT
23/17667-0 - Prevalence of chronic renal failure according to the sociodemographic profile of the population in the NutriNet Brasil Study, BP.IC
23/15487-4 - Linkage of NutriNet Brasil Study database with other databases from Brazilian morbidity and mortality registration systems, BP.TT
+ associated scholarships 23/07659-0 - Prevalence of inflamatory bowel diseases according to sociodemographic profile of the population of the NutriNet Brasil Study, BP.IC
23/07692-7 - Prevalence of arterial hypertension according to sociodemographic profile of the population in the Nutrinet Brasil Study, BP.IC
23/07985-4 - Type 2 diabetes mellitus prevalence according to sociodemographic profile at NutriNet-Brasil cohort study, BP.IC
23/08274-4 - Prevalence of obesity according to sociodemographic profile of the population in the Nutrinet Brasil Study, BP.IC - associated scholarships

Abstract

This thematic project (2022-2027) continues a previous project (2016-2021) about the consumption of ultra-processed foods and health in seven countries (including Brazil), which resulted in more than one hundred scientific articles that, published in high-impact international journals, had great influence on the science of nutrition and on the development of food and nutrition policies (in Brazil and other countries). In the previous project, the objective was to evaluate the impact of ultra-processed food consumption on the nutritional dietary quality and, secondarily, on the prevalence of obesity. The present project aims to execute an ambitious research program composed of five studies. The first involves following 100,000 participants of the NutriNet Brasil Cohort and studying, in this cohort, the prospective association between consumption of ultra-processed foods and the incidence of chronic diseases that currently account for most of the total burden of diseases in Brazil (hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and renal diseases, depression, and diet-related cancers). The second involves studying the same associations in ten other cohorts in Brazil (ELSA and Pelotas), the United States (Harvard and Framingham), the United Kingdom (UK Biobank and ALSPAC), Netherlands (Rotterdam Study, Alpha Omega Cohort, Generation R Study) and Australia (Melbourne) in collaboration with research teams from these countries. The third, also collaborative, will estimate the total disease burden attributable to the consumption of ultra-processed foods in ten countries. The fourth involves the pioneering assessment of the environmental impact associated with the consumption of ultra-processed products. The fifth will validate innovative data collection instruments to assess the consumption of ultra-processed foods. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
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