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Methods of spatial analysis in environmental cartographic modeling of landscapes susceptible to hydrological and hydrogeomorlogical risks

Grant number: 22/15464-1
Support Opportunities:Regular Research Grants
Duration: April 01, 2023 - March 31, 2025
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Geography
Principal Investigator:Andrea Aparecida Zacharias
Grantee:Andrea Aparecida Zacharias
Host Institution: Faculdade de Ciências, Tecnologia e Educação. Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Ourinhos. Ourinhos , SP, Brazil
Associated researchers: André Barbosa Ribeiro Ferreira ; Andréia Medinilha Pancher ; Bruno Zucherato ; Diego Corrêa Maia ; Francisco Davy Braz Rabelo ; Jorge Osvaldo Gentili ; Lúcio José Sobral da Cunha ; Marcilene dos Santos ; Matheus Rizato ; Silvia Elena Ventorini

Abstract

The present research is an unfolding of dialogues established, through the Project proposal "CLIMATE CHANGES, EXTREME EVENTS, RISKS AND VULNERABILITIES: the importance of Geography and Cartography in Territorial Management instruments", initiated in partnership between the GEOCART/UNESP Group /CNPq/Brazil and CEGOT/UC/Portugal. The main objective is to systematize methodological proposals for the analysis, diagnosis and inventory of landscapes susceptible to natural hazards, of indirect climatic origin, from the elaboration of cartographic documents, composed of summary information on the hazards of different environments in the landscape, classified such as hydrological risks (floods and waterlogging) and hydrogeological risks (mass movements and landslides). And, for this purpose, in Brazil, the study areas involve 4 municipalities in 3 Brazilian states: Atibaia/SP, São João Del Rei/MG, Rio Claro/RJ and Lavras/MG. The methodological procedures are based on geoprocessing techniques, environmental modeling, statistics and map algebras through the methods of Multicriteria Decision Analysis (AMD) and Hierarchical Process Analysis (AHP). As a result, it is expected: a) a network of international dialogues and partnerships, for scientific exchange between Brazilian and Portuguese researchers; b) unpublished mappings for the 4 study areas, based on the spatialization of areas with greater or lesser potential for disaster risks; c) innovative synthesis cartographies, composed of explanatory captions that bring vertical readings, horizontal readings, and their interactions in the dynamics of the landscape; d) democratization of results in scientific articles (international and national), among others. (AU)

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