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Biodiversity and associated ecosystem services: LTER Corridor of Cantareira Mantiqueira

Abstract

Agricultural and urban areas have been expanded and replacing native vegetation areas in a short time period, causing the loss of biodiversity, thus compromising the manutention of ecosystem services in the planet. Besides the biodiversity that native vegetation harbor, these areas are also responsible for providing several direct and indirect ecosystem services, which are essential for human population. The Atlantic Forest - one of the most biodiverse biome in the planet - are responsible for supplying water for consumption and several other services to more than 125 million people. The main aim of this project is to understand how the spatio-temporal landscape structure and biotic/abiotic variables chances affect fauna and flora species distribution, ecological processes, ecosystem functioning and associated ecosystem services in the Long Term Ecological Research project within the Corridor of Cantareira Mantiqueira (LTER CCM). We aims to answer the following questions: 1) How the loss and fragmentation of native vegetation influences different taxa in a multiple scale perspective?; 2) What are the complentary resources within the different land use and land cover types (i.e. anthropogenic matrices) that are available to different organisms?; 3) In which period of time the conditions offered by different environment types are more or less favourable to different organisms, and how it can influence essential landscape attributes, such as functional connectivity?; 4) What is the relationship between landscape patterns and ecosysten functioning, and how this can influence the ecosystem service provisions in a multi-taxa and multi-scale perspectives?; 5) How ecosystem functioning resilience varies along time and space?; 6) How can we characterize ecosystem functioning and services? What are the relationship between the taxonomic alpha/beta diversity and functional diversity with landscape structure in a multitaxa and multi-scale perspective?To answer these questions we will collect data along time, combine them with the already existent data for the regions, include new unsampled taxa, inclusive functional traits of some species in order to make possible to understand how biodiversity, landscape, ecosystem functiong and services are correlated. In addition, we will also include questions related to wildlife health and socioecological conditions on each LTER site in a multi-scale approach. To do so, we will conduct standardized biodiversity sampling on terrestrial and volant mammals, amphibians, invertebrates, plants, fishes, birds, as well as associated functions.The diversity data - taxonomic alpha/beta and functional - will be related with a series of variables of landscape structure and composition in different spatio-temporal scales. In addition, the socioecological data will be collected within the rural farms, and thru workshops we will be able to interact with local producers in relation to theirs concepts on biodiversity and sustainable production practices. (AU)

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