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Centre for Water and Food Security in Critical Zones

Grant number: 21/11762-5
Support Opportunities:Research Grants - Science Centers for Development
Duration: November 01, 2022 - October 31, 2027
Field of knowledge:Interdisciplinary Subjects
Principal Investigator:Humberto Ribeiro da Rocha
Grantee:Humberto Ribeiro da Rocha
Host Institution: Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas (IAG). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Pesquisadores principais:
Caio Augusto dos Santos Coelho ; Carlos Alberto Mendonça ; Carlos Augusto Morales Rodriguez ; Denise Helena Silva Duarte ; Jorge Luís Porsani ; José Luiz Albuquerque Filho
Associated researchers:Alexandre Cláudio Botazzo Delbem ; Alexandre Muselli Barbosa ; Alexandre Ortega Gonçalves ; Alfredo Pisani ; André Campos Guaragna Kowalski ; Andréa Teixeira Ustra ; Angelica Prela Pantano ; Antoniane Arantes de Oliveira Roque ; Antonio Mauro Saraiva ; Caio Pompeu Cavalhieri ; Carla Ferreira Josef ; Francisco de Assis Negri ; Gabriel Constantino Blain ; Gré de Araújo Lobo ; Jane Maria de Carvalho Silveira ; Jorge Luís Porsani ; Kleber Lopes da Rocha Filho ; Leonardo Moreno Domingues ; Leonides Guireli Netto ; Liliana Alcazar Diogo ; Mauricio Jonas Ferreira ; Orivaldo Brunini ; Osvaldo Machado Rodrigues Cabral ; Otávio Coaracy Brasil Gandolfo ; Regina Celia de Matos Pires ; Renato Luiz Prado ; Ricardo Ivan Ferreira da Trindade ; roberto paulo zanon dos santos ; Simone Marilene Sievert da Costa Coelho ; Tatiana Luiz dos Santos Tavares ; Vagner Roberto Elis
Associated scholarship(s):23/13316-8 - Characterization of basic concepts and application of methods for estimating unconfined aquifers recharge as a support for water and food security in critical basins in the State of São Paulo, BP.IC
23/11191-3 - Hydrogeophysical investigation for aquifer characterization in catchment basins, BP.PD
23/06061-3 - Contribution of the integration of geological data and geophysical modeling in support of the sustainable exploitation of groundwater in critical zones in the São Paulo State, BP.DR
23/00912-1 - Hydrological parameters from geophysical data, BP.MS
22/15999-2 - The urban heat island of the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo: characterization and relationships between air and surface temperatures, BP.DD


The Centre for Water and Food Security at Critical Zones has the main goal to improve solutions to problems on water and food security in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, with emphasis in the management water risk at local and regional scale. The basic field and historical inventory information will be focused at spatial critical zones (headwaters, agricultural plots and specific urban areas) and at selected macro-regions in the state, namely the basins of rivers Piracicaba-Capivari-Jundiaí (PCJ); Alto Tietê; Alto Paraíba do Sul; Mogi-Guaçú; Pardo; Sapucaí-Grande e Alto Paranapanema. Local scale information will be upscaled to regional basins using adequate numerical models (hillslope hydrology models; process based plant productivity models; groundwater hydrology models; urban canopy atmospheric models). The proposal has 6 working packages with complementary activities in order to achieve the overall goal with functional products, respectively: 1. Network of meteorological and hydrological monitoring with automatic weather station and discharge/groundwater measurements; 2. The use of seasonal climate prediction to help agricultural risk; 3. Geophysical patterns of shallow and deep acquifers; 4. Hydrological and agricultural index; 5. Rainfall nowcasting; 6. Hidroclimatological challenges in densely urbanized areas. The agricultural component will focus on field plant productivity, by using improved information to planting, irrigation, harvest and operation. The water component will improve information of hydrological predictability on short term (1-4 day), medium and long range (30 day to 6 month) to help decision making on reservoirs management and urban supply, to improve criteria for water grant, irrigation demand, and on the short term (1h nowcast) for warnings of severe storms with hail and floodings. The environmental component proposes to qualify and quantify climate-vegetation connection processes in challenges using nature based solutions, as vegetation restoration in headwaters, specially springs and riparian zones. In urban areas it is proposed to find optimal solutions using green/blue infrastrcture combined to grey infrastructure, to help human thermal confort, rainfall infiltration, effects on microclimate as alternatives to climate extremes adaptation. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CHITTOLINA, MARIANE; DA ROCHA, HUMBERTO RIBEIRO; DOMINGUES, LEONARDO MORENO; LOBO, GRE DE ARAUJO. Hydrological response of a headwater catchment in Southeast Brazil-Threshold patterns of stormflow response. Hydrological Processes, v. 37, n. 5, p. 15-pg., . (16/16358-0, 19/17179-0, 20/04060-1, 15/50682-6, 19/23853-5, 21/11762-5)
ALBERTON, BRUNA; MARTIN, THOMAS C. M.; DA ROCHA, HUMBERTO R.; RICHARDSON, ANDREW D.; MOURA, MAGNA S. B.; TORRES, RICARDO S.; MORELLATO, LEONOR PATRICIA CERDEIRA. Relationship between tropical leaf phenology and ecosystem productivity using phenocameras. FRONTIERS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, v. 11, p. 14-pg., . (14/00215-0, 13/50155-0, 10/52113-5, 09/54208-6, 19/23853-5, 21/11762-5, 15/50488-5, 16/01413-5, 19/11835-2)
DOMINGUES, LEONARDO MORENO; ROCHA, HUMBERTO RIBEIRO DA. Serial droughts and loss of hydrologic resilience in a subtropical basin: The case of water inflow into the Cantareira reservoir system in Brazil during 2013-2021. JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY-REGIONAL STUDIES, v. 44, p. 18-pg., . (15/50682-6, 19/23853-5, 21/11762-5)

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