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Echoes of socioeconomic inequality into biodiversity (IneqBio)

Abstract

Cities are complex systems shaped by interactions between social and natural processes. A prevalent property of metropolises is the uneven geographical distribution of income and resources, creating a mosaic of socioeconomic realms. The implications of this socioeconomic inequality spread well beyond aspects of human society, having a largely unexplored potential to shape the ecology and evolution of organisms. IneqBio project aims to uncover how socioeconomic inequalities reverberate in multiple dimensions and scales of urban biodiversity, from individuals to communities. We will apply a diverse set of cutting-edge techniques (e.g., environmental DNA, stable isotopes, movement tracking) to (1) map urban the biodiversity of arthropods in the city of São Paulo, and then understand how (2) biological communities and (3) food webs change along a socioeconomic gradient. We will also combine observational, experimental, and modeling approaches to shed light on (4) socio-eco-evo dynamics in multiple urban populations of the Giant African Snail, a highly invasive species with economic and epidemiological relevance. We expect to generate unprecedented data on the intricate intersections between human life and the lives of other urban species. More than advancing our understanding of urban biodiversity, IneqBio will address long-standing questions from ecological and evolutionary theories, as well as provide critical information for decision making and urban planning. (AU)

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Scientific publications (4)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FRAGATA, INES; COSTA-PEREIRA, RAUL; KOZAK, MARIYA; MAJER, AGNIESZKA; GODOY, OSCAR; MAGALHAES, SARA. Specific sequence of arrival promotes coexistence via spatial niche pre-emption by the weak competitor. ECOLOGY LETTERS, v. 25, n. 7, p. 11-pg., . (20/11953-2)
TOSCANO, BENJAMIN J.; PULCINI, DOMITILLA; COSTA-PEREIRA, RAUL; NEWSOME, W. BURNS; GRIFFEN, BLAINE D.. Polymorphism promotes edge utilization by marsh crabs. Oecologia, v. 198, n. 4, p. 12-pg., . (20/11953-2)
COUTO, THIAGO B. A.; REZENDE, RENAN S.; DE AQUINO, PEDRO P. U.; COSTA-PEREIRA, RAUL; DE CAMPOS, GELSO L.; OCCHI, THIAGO V. T.; VITULE, JEAN R. S.; ESPIRITO-SANTO, HELDER M. V.; SOARES, YAN F. F.; OLDEN, JULIAN D.. Effects of small hydropower dams on macroinvertebrate and fish assemblages in southern Brazil. FRESHWATER BIOLOGY, v. 68, n. 6, p. 16-pg., . (20/11953-2)
VICTOR, NICOLE RIATTO; COSTA-PEREIRA, RAUL. Trophic allometry in a predator that carries corpses of its prey. Biotropica, v. 54, n. 5, p. 5-pg., . (20/11953-2)

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