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Assessment of the integrity of the intestinal epithelial barrier in patients infected with SARS-COVID-2: a multicenter study

Grant number: 20/10097-5
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: April 01, 2021 - March 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine - Medical Clinics
Principal researcher:Rafael Simone Saia
Grantee:Rafael Simone Saia
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (FMRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:Anibal Basile Filho

Abstract

Changes in functioning of the gastrointestinal tract (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal discomfort) have been described in pandemics by coronavirus in 2003 and 2019. Accordingly, experimental data in rodents confirm that respiratory viral infections promote disorders of the intestinal functions including increased motility, loss/malabsorption of fluids, inflammation of the intestinal mucosa and changes in the composition of the microbiome. In addition, patients who have gastrointestinal symptoms at the initial phase of SARS-CoV-2 infection have a worsening of their clinical condition, with increased need for intensive care procedures, higher fever and mechanical ventilation. However, there are no reports whether in these pathological conditions there is an impairment of the barrier function of the intestinal mucosa. In several other pathologies (sepsis, inflammatory bowel diseases, celiac disease), the rupture of intestinal tight junctions may turn the intestine into a source of potentially pathogenic microorganisms, contributing to the worst clinical prognosis, activation of the systemic inflammatory response and development of secondary bacterial infections. For these reasons, the present study proposes to evaluate, for the first time, the integrity of the intestinal epithelium in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2, by the quantification of biomarkers and bacterial translocation in the systemic circulation and also in urine. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SAIA, RAFAEL SIMONE; GIUSTI, HUMBERTO; LUIS-SILVA, FABIO; BONICENHA PEDROSO, KARINA DE JESUS; AUXILIADORA-MARTINS, MARIA; LORO MOREJON, KAREN MIRNA; DEGIOVANI, AUGUSTO MARCUSSI; CADELCA, MARCIA REGINA; BASILE-FILHO, ANIBAL. Clinical investigation of intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) as a biomarker of SARS-CoV-2 infection. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, v. 113, p. 82-86, DEC 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.

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