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Prediction of forest degradation as a subsidy for mitigating actions to preventing fires and wildfires

Abstract

Forest degradation results mainly from burning in neighbouring deforested areas from which fires escape control to become forest fires. These events are intensified by the combined effect of logging and climate change, jeopardizing the conservation of the Amazon rainforest and its ecosystem services. Logging, both in authorized management plans and through illegal activities, increases the vulnerability of the forest to the entry and spread of forest fires. This is due to the increase in combustible material that results from collateral damage caused by the logging and dragging processes. Logging also opens the canopy, allowing entry of more radiation and increasing the intensity of wind, thus making the local microclimate warmer and drier. Climate change, which has already been observed in some parts of the Amazon, causes a lengthening of the dry season and increases the frequency of extreme droughts, directly affecting the occurrence of forest fires. The general objective of the project, therefore, is to provide a diagnosis and prognosis of forest degradation caused by logging and by forest fires resulting from burning in cleared areas. The project will generate scenarios that can aid in preventive control of burning and provide information for the management of natural resources and conservation areas. (AU)

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Scientific publications (10)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DUTRA, DEBORA JOANA; ANDERSON, LIANA OIGHENSTEIN; FEARNSIDE, PHILIP MARTIN; LIMA DE ALENCASTRO GRACA, PAULO MAURICIO; YANAI, AURORA MIHO; DALAGNOL, RICARDO; BURTON, CHANTELLE; JONES, CHRISTOPHER; BETTS, RICHARD; OLIVEIRA E CRUZ DE ARAGAO, LUIZ EDUARDO. Fire Dynamics in an Emerging Deforestation Frontier in Southwestern Amazonia, Brazil. FIRE-SWITZERLAND, v. 6, n. 1, p. 24-pg., . (20/08916-8, 20/15230-5, 21/04019-4)
WANG, SEAVER; FOSTER, ADRIANNA; LENZ, ELIZABETH A.; KESSLER, JOHN D.; STROEVE, JULIENNE C.; ANDERSON, LIANA O.; TURETSKY, MERRITT; BETTS, RICHARD; ZOU, SIJIA; LIU, WEI; et al. Mechanisms and Impacts of Earth System Tipping Elements. REVIEWS OF GEOPHYSICS, v. 61, n. 1, p. 81-pg., . (20/15230-5, 20/08916-8, 16/02018-2)
MACHADO VILANI, RODRIGO; FERRANTE, LUCAS; FEARNSIDE, PHILIP M.. The first acts of Brazil's new president: Lula's new Amazon institutionality. ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION, v. N/A, p. 4-pg., . (20/08916-8)
MATAVELI, GUILHERME A. V.; DE OLIVEIRA, GABRIEL; SEIXAS, HUGO T.; PEREIRA, GABRIEL; STARK, SCOTT C.; GATTI, LUCIANA V.; BASSO, LUANA S.; TEJADA, GRACIELA; CASSOL, HENRIQUE L. G.; ANDERSON, LIANA O.; et al. Relationship between Biomass Burning Emissions and Deforestation in Amazonia over the Last Two Decades. FORESTS, v. 12, n. 9, . (20/02656-4, 18/14006-4, 16/02018-2, 18/18493-7, 20/08916-8, 19/25701-8, 18/14423-4, 19/23654-2)
MATAVELI, GUILHERME; DE OLIVEIRA, GABRIEL; SILVA-JUNIOR, CELSO H. L.; STARK, SCOTT C.; CARVALHO, NATHALIA; ANDERSON, LIANA O.; GATTI, LUCIANA V.; ARAGAO, LUIZ E. O. C.. Record-breaking fires in the Brazilian Amazon associated with uncontrolled deforestation. NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION, v. 6, n. 12, p. 2-pg., . (20/08916-8, 20/15230-5, 19/25701-8, 16/02018-2)
CARVALHO, NATHALIA S.; ANDERSON, LIANA O.; NUNES, CASSIO A.; PESSOA, ANA C. M.; SILVA JUNIOR, CELSO H. L.; REIS, JOAO B. C.; SHIMABUKURO, YOSIO E.; BERENGUER, ERIKA; BARLOW, JOS; ARAGAO, LUIZ E. O. C.. Spatio-temporal variation in dry season determines the Amazonian fire calendar. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS, v. 16, n. 12, . (16/02018-2, 20/08916-8)
COSTA, JESSICA GOMES; FEARNSIDE, PHILIP MARTIN; OLIVEIRA, IGOR; ANDERSON, LIANA OIGHENSTEIN; OLIVEIRA E CRUZ DE ARAGAO, LUIZ EDUARDO; NEGREIROS ALMEIDA, MARLLUS RAFAEL; CLEMENTE, FRANCISCO SALATIEL; NASCIMENTO, ERIC DE SOUZA; SOUZA, GEANE DA CONCEICAO; KARLOKOSKI, ADRIELE; et al. Forest Degradation in the Southwest Brazilian Amazon: Impact on Tree Species of Economic Interest and Traditional Use. FIRE-SWITZERLAND, v. 6, n. 6, p. 15-pg., . (20/08916-8, 20/15230-5, 21/07660-2)
FERNANDES, STEPHANNIE; FERNANDES, GERALDO W.; FEARNSIDE, PHILIP M.. Viewpoint: Sovereignty and reversing Brazil's history of Amazon destruction. LAND USE POLICY, v. 133, p. 3-pg., . (20/08916-8)
PEREIRA, CASSIO CARDOSO; MELLO, MARCO A. R.; NEGREIROS, DANIEL; FIGUEIREDO, JOAO CARLOS GOMES; KENEDY-SIQUEIRA, WALISSON; MAIA, LARA RIBEIRO; FERNANDES, STEPHANNIE; FERNANDES, GABRIELA FRANCA CARNEIRO; DE LEON, AMANDA PONCE; ASHWORTH, LORENA; et al. Beware of scientific scams! Hints to avoid predatory publishing in biological journals. NEOTROPICAL BIOLOGY AND CONSERVATION, v. 18, n. 2, p. 9-pg., . (23/02881-6, 18/20695-7, 20/08916-8)
LAPOLA, DAVID M.; PINHO, PATRICIA; BARLOW, JOS; ARAGAO, LUIZ E. O. C.; BERENGUER, ERIKA; CARMENTA, RACHEL; LIDDY, HANNAH M.; SEIXAS, HUGO; SILVA, CAMILA V. J.; SILVA-JUNIOR, CELSO H. L.; et al. The drivers and impacts of Amazon forest degradation. Science, v. 379, n. 6630, p. 12-pg., . (20/08916-8, 20/16457-3, 20/08940-6, 16/02018-2, 15/02537-7, 20/15230-5)

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