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Mycobacterium cell wall: structural studies and inhibition strategies for enzymes involved in the biosynthesis and regulation

Grant number: 20/03850-9
Support Opportunities:Regular Research Grants
Duration: March 01, 2021 - February 28, 2023
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Biochemistry - Biochemistry of Microorganisms
Principal Investigator:Marcio Vinicius Bertacine Dias
Grantee:Marcio Vinicius Bertacine Dias
Host Institution: Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas (ICB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The mycobacterium cell wall is a complex and highly regulated structure and proteins involved in its biosynthesis or remodelling can drive the balance between the cell elongation and the cell division. The enzymes involved in the assembly of this complex structure, which is constituted by peptidoglycan, arabinogalactan and mycolic acids, as well the enzymes responsible for its regulation are targets of antimicrobials, such as the ²-lactam or even other antituberculosis drugs; or they are potential candidates for discovery and development of new inhibitory molecules. Thus, understanding how proteins interact to control the biosynthesis cell wall, or how transpeptidases act in catalysing cross-linkage formation in the peptidoglycan has a strong scientific appeal since this information may contribute for developing new strategies to treat tuberculosis. This disease is the major cause of death among infectious diseases and causes the human suffering and death of thousands of people worldwide by year, particularly in countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America, including Brazil. In this project, we are proposing to elucidate the crystallographic structures of classical transpeptidases that catalyse 3-4cross-linkage reactions in the peptidoglycan biosynthesis, particularly the enzymes PonA1 and PonA2 as well as the structural characterization of a non-classical transpeptidase, LD-transpeptidase 4 (LDtMt4), the unique one in a group of five enzymes in which the structure has so far not been determined. This enzyme, in contrast to the classical transpeptidase, is involved in 3-3 cross-linkage formation that is the predominant form in the mycobacterial peptidoglycan. Associated with the structural studies, we will also characterize the interaction of these enzymes with ²-lactam antibiotics through biophysical methods, including isothermal thermodynamic calorimetry. Furthermore, we are also proposing to study the enzymes RipA, RpfB and PonA1 and their protein-protein interactions, which are involved in the regulation of cell wall biosynthesis. We will also use biophysical techniques to understand how these proteins interact. For that, we will use protein crystallography and nuclear magnetic resonance or even other methods if necessary. Finally, for RipA and LDtMt4, we will also apply the technique of fragment-based drug discovery using an in-house library since this protein is a potential target for the development of new drugs against tuberculosis because of its essential role in virulence and viability of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. (AU)

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Scientific publications (6)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BILYK, OKSANA; OLIVEIRA, GABRIEL S.; DE ANGELO, RAFAELA M.; ALMEIDA, MICHELL O.; HONORIO, KATHIA MARIA; LEEPER, FINIAN J.; DIAS, MARCIO V. B.; LEADLAY, PETER F.. Enzyme-Catalyzed Spiroacetal Formation in Polyketide Antibiotic Biosynthesis. Journal of the American Chemical Society, v. 144, n. 32, p. 9-pg., . (18/00351-1, 20/03850-9)
ROSSINI, NICOLAS DE OLIVEIRA; DIAS, MARCIO VINICIUS BERTACINE. Mutations and insights into the molecular mechanisms of resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to first-line drugs. GENETICS AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, v. 46, n. 1, p. 17-pg., . (22/12234-5, 20/03850-9, 19/17037-0)
KIRKMAN, TIM; FUN TAN, SUK; CHAVEZ-PACHECO, SAIR MAXIMO; HAMMER, ALEXANDER; ABELL, CHRIS; TOSIN, MANUELA; COYNE, ANTHONY G.; DIAS, MARCIO V. B.. Fragment-Merging Strategies with Known Pyrimidine Scaffolds Targeting Dihydrofolate Reductase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. CHEMMEDCHEM, v. 18, n. 15, p. 9-pg., . (20/03850-9, 15/09188-8)
ROSSINI, NICOLAS DE OLIVEIRA; SILVA, CATHARINA; DIAS, MARCIO VINICIUS BERTACINE. The crystal structure of Mycobacterium thermoresistibile MurE ligase reveals the binding mode of the substrate m-diaminopimelate. Journal of Structural Biology, v. 215, n. 2, p. 10-pg., . (16/18721-4, 19/17037-0, 20/03850-9)
NICOLAS DE OLIVEIRA ROSSINI; MARCIO VINICIUS BERTACINE DIAS. Mutations and insights into the molecular mechanisms of resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to first-line. GENETICS AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, v. 46, n. 1, . (22/12234-5, 19/17037-0, 20/03850-9)
KIRKMAN, TIM; SKETCHER, ALICE; BARROSO, VINICIUS DE MORAIS; ISHIDA, KELLY; TOSIN, MANUELA; BERTACINE DIAS, MARCIO VINICIUS. Crystal structure of dihydrofolate reductase from the emerging pathogenic fungus Candida auris. ACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHICA SECTION D-STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY, v. 79, p. 11-pg., . (21/01279-5, 20/03850-9, 18/11612-0)

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