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Traditional communities, environmental conservation and territorial policies

Grant number: 19/25507-7
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: November 01, 2020 - October 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Anthropology - Rural Anthropology
Cooperation agreement: CONFAP - National Council of State Research Support Foundations
Principal researcher:Mauro William Barbosa de Almeida
Grantee:Mauro William Barbosa de Almeida
Home Institution: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas (IFCH). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:Augusto de Arruda Postigo ; Bruna Cigaran da Rocha ; Cristina Adams ; Dídac Santos Fita ; Diego Amoedo Martínez ; Eduardo Góes Neves ; Helbert Medeiros Prado ; Helena França ; Hugo Gravina Affonso ; Igor Alexandre Badolato Scaramuzzi ; James Angus Fraser ; Jeremy Michael Campbell ; Lucybeth Camargo de Arruda ; Maria Manuela Ligeti Carneiro da Cunha ; Natalia Gea ; Ricardo Scoles ; Roberto Sanches Rezende ; Rodrigo Ribeiro de Castro ; Sônia Maria Simões Barbosa Magalhães Santos ; Vinicius Eduardo Honorato de Oliveira
Associated scholarship(s):21/09635-5 - Historical mapping of a caiçara traditional agriculture area in the Jureia Itatins Ecological Station (SP), BP.TT
21/09118-0 - Historical mapping of a caiçara traditional agriculture area in the Jureia Itatins Ecological Station (SP), BP.TT

Abstract

This research project will establish a means for reflecting on the development of environmental and agrarian policies, based on a multidisciplinary and collaborative analysis of conflicts involving conservation units and traditionally occupied territories. The empirical material comes mainly from the Xingu and Trombetas river basins, in Pará, and in the Jureia region, in the state of São Paulo. In each of the situations under analysis, the repression of traditional communities by environmental agencies is compounded by the effects of other relatively recent agrarian and environmental policies, such as forest concessions, land regularization, and efforts to privatize the management of protected areas. Rather than reducing pressures on traditional communities, the dismantling of the environmental management in protected areas instead produces new vectors of conflict, such as land grabbing, logging, and mining. Thus our proposal here is to understand how potentially confluent vectors become conflicting. Recent research supports the hypothesis that agrarian and environmental policies should be based on new foundations that do not merely equate the rights of traditional peoples and communities with environmental conservation outcomes, assumed a priori, but rather that they are effectively based on the perspectives on these topics held by the communities themselves. (AU)

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