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Assessing the effects of past and future climate change on Amazonian biodiversity (CLAMBIO)

Grant number: 19/24349-9
Support type:BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants
Duration: December 01, 2020 - November 30, 2023
Field of knowledge:Interdisciplinary Subjects
Cooperation agreement: Biodiversa
Principal researcher:Cristiano Mazur Chiessi
Grantee:Cristiano Mazur Chiessi
Principal researcher abroad: Hanna Tuomisto
Institution abroad: University of Turku, Finland
Home Institution: Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades (EACH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:Camila Cherem Ribas ; Carlos Augusto da Silva Peres ; Dailson José Bertassoli Junior ; Florian Karl Wittmann ; Paulo Eduardo de Oliveira

Abstract

Climate change affects life at all levels, from genetic structure of animal and plant populations to socio-economic organization of human communities. For Amazonia, current models project warmer and drier climates, which could make large areas unsuitable for species adapted to moist rainforest conditions and increase the susceptibility of vegetation to wildfires, thereby promoting savannization. This, in turn, would reduce biodiversity, biomass, carbon storage and productivity of the forests, as well as further reduce local rainfall and affect river water levels through impacts on water circulation. Climate has changed also in the past, which has probably caused reorganizations of the Amazonian biota. Studies on these past events can help to estimate possible impacts of climate change in the future. We will integrate data on species distributions, genomics and community phylogenetics to reconstruct the recent demographic history of populations in selected plant and animal groups, and infer how past climate changes have impacted habitat stability, dispersal and local extinctions. Present-day environmental data will be used to characterise suitable habitats and identify the most important constraints on the plant and animal species distributions, and to model how the distributions of suitable habitats may change in the future, given current climate scenarios and the likely increasing risk of forest fires. These results will be integrated to estimate the degree of both uniqueness and vulnerability of biological communities across Amazonia. Because riverine and indigenous peoples depend on the forests for their livelihoods, the studies will be made in close collaboration with organisations of the indigenous peoples in the catchment areas of two major rivers, the Xingu and Rio Negro. The project aims simultaneously to produce new understanding of likely impacts of climate change on Amazonian biodiversity, identify possible mitigation strategies, and assist the affected peoples in recognising the trends and communicating their needs to the policymakers. (AU)

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Scientific publications (10)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
NIYONZIMA, P.; SAWAKUCHI, A. O.; BERTASSOLI JR, D. J.; PUPIM, F. N.; PORAT, N.; FREIRE, M. P.; GOES, A. M.; RODRIGUES, F. C. G. Luminescence dating of quartz from ironstones of the Xingu River, Eastern Amazonia. QUATERNARY GEOCHRONOLOGY, v. 67, FEB 2022. Web of Science Citations: 0.
NASCIMENTO, R. A.; SANTOS, T. P.; VENANCIO, I. M.; CHIESSI, C. M.; BALLALAI, J. M.; KUHNERT, H.; GOVIN, A.; PORTILHO-RAMOS, R. C.; LESSA, D.; DIAS, B. B.; PINHO, T. M. L.; CRIVELLARI, S.; MULITZA, S.; ALBUQUERQUE, A. L. S. Origin of delta C-13 minimum events in thermocline and intermediate waters of the western South Atlantic. QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS, v. 272, NOV 15 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
FERREIRA, FABRICIO; SILVA, CLEVERSON G.; OLIVEIRA, ALLAN S.; CHIESSI, CRISTIANO M.; KERN, ANDREA K.; BAKER, PAUL A.; DWYER, GARY; RIGSBY, CATHERINE A.; HUANG, ENQING; TIAN, JUN. Biochronostratigraphy of the western equatorial Atlantic for the last 1.93 Ma. QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL, v. 598, p. 24-37, OCT 10 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
BAHR, A.; KABOTH-BAHR, S.; JAESCHKE, A.; CHIESSI, C.; CRUZ, F.; CARVALHO, L.; RETHEMEYER, J.; SCHEFUSS, E.; GEPPERT, P.; ALBUQUERQUE, A. L.; PROSS, J.; FRIEDRICH, O. Late Holocene Precipitation Fluctuations in South America Triggered by Variability of the North Atlantic Overturning Circulation. PALEOCEANOGRAPHY AND PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, v. 36, n. 9 SEP 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
HAEGGI, C.; HOPMANS, E. C.; SCHEFUSS, E.; SAWAKUCHI, A. O.; SCHREUDER, L. T.; BERTASSOLI, D. J. JR JR; CHIESSI, C. M.; MULITZA, S.; SAWAKUCHI, H. O.; BAKER, P. A.; SCHOUTEN, S. Negligible Quantities of Particulate Low-Temperature Pyrogenic Carbon Reach the Atlantic Ocean via the Amazon River. GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES, v. 35, n. 9 SEP 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
NASCIMENTO, R. A.; VENANCIO, I. M.; CHIESSI, C. M.; BALLALAI, J. M.; KUHNERT, H.; JOHNSTONE, H.; SANTOS, T. P.; PRANGE, M.; GOVIN, A.; CRIVELLARI, S.; MULITZA, S.; ALBUQUERQUE, A. L. S. Tropical Atlantic stratification response to late Quaternary precessional forcing. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 568, AUG 15 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
BERTASSOLI, JR., DAILSON J.; SAWAKUCHI, HENRIQUE O.; DE ARAUJO, KLEITON R.; DE CAMARGO, MARCELO G. P.; ALEM, VICTOR A. T.; PEREIRA, TATIANA S.; KRUSCHE, V, ALEX; BASTVIKEN, DAVID; RICHEY, JEFFREY E.; SAWAKUCHI, ANDRE O. How green can Amazon hydropower be? Net carbon emission from the largest hydropower plant in Amazonia. SCIENCE ADVANCES, v. 7, n. 26 JUN 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
PINHO, TAINA M. L.; CHIESSI, CRISTIANO M.; PORTILHO-RAMOS, RODRIGO C.; CAMPOS, MARILIA C.; CRIVELLARI, STEFANO; NASCIMENTO, RODRIGO A.; ALBUQUERQUE, ANA L. S.; BAHR, ANDRE; MULITZA, STEFAN. Meridional changes in the South Atlantic Subtropical Gyre during Heinrich Stadials. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 11, n. 1 MAY 3 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
CHIESSI, C. M.; MULITZA, S.; TANIGUCHI, N. K.; PRANGE, M.; CAMPOS, M. C.; HAEGGI, C.; SCHEFUSS, E.; PINHO, T. M. L.; FREDERICHS, T.; PORTILHO-RAMOS, R. C.; SOUSA, S. H. M.; CRIVELLARI, S.; CRUZ, F. W. Mid- to Late Holocene Contraction of the Intertropical Convergence Zone Over Northeastern South America. PALEOCEANOGRAPHY AND PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, v. 36, n. 4 APR 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
JONKERS, LUKAS; GOPALAKRISHNAN, AKSHAT; WESSEL, LEA; CHIESSI, CRISTIANO M.; GROENEVELD, JEROEN; MONIEN, PATRICK; LESSA, DOUGLAS; MORARD, RAPHAEL. Morphotype and Crust Effects on the Geochemistry of Globorotalia inflata. PALEOCEANOGRAPHY AND PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, v. 36, n. 4 APR 2021. Web of Science Citations: 1.

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