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Myzus persicae symbiotic interactions impact on host epigenetic landscape

Grant number: 20/07896-3
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: December 01, 2020 - November 30, 2022
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Agronomy - Plant Health
Cooperation agreement: Université de Lyon (UDL)
Principal researcher:Fernando Luis Cônsoli
Grantee:Fernando Luis Cônsoli
Principal researcher abroad: Rita Rebollo
Institution abroad: Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), France
Home Institution: Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers: Abdelaziz Heddi ; Bruna Laís Merlin ; Celso Omoto
Associated scholarship(s):21/08410-0 - Myzus persicae symbiotic interactions impact on host epigenetic landscape, BP.TT

Abstract

Symbiosis is a widespread phenomenon in nature and represents a major force in adaptation and evolution. Epigenetic switches enable different phenotypic states to be present in a genetically identical population, potentially facilitating species adaptation. The impact of symbiosis establishment and maintenance on host epigenetic mechanisms remains elusive. We hypothesize that a biotic stress, illustrated by the symbiont-host interaction, may modulate host epigenetic mechanisms and in consequence, host gene expression. Aphids are excellent models to study epigenetics as they reproduce clonally, yet present high phenotypic diversity. In order to understand the impact of symbiosis on host epigenetic landscapes, we will study Myzus persicae, the peach aphid, and two of its common symbionts, the parasitoid wasp Diaretiella rapae, along with the bacterium Spiroplasma. We will study epigenomics (mainly DNA methylation) and transcriptomics on clonal lines under biotic stress and their control lines. We will unravel key epialleles involved in host-symbiont interaction. Finally, functional analysis of such epialleles will allow us to pinpoint genes crucial for host-symbiont interaction and potential candidates for peach aphid control. (AU)

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