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Sea-level changes and Global Monsoon System: clues from marine cores in Brazil

Grant number: 16/24946-9
Support Opportunities:Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
Duration: June 01, 2019 - May 31, 2026
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Oceanography - Geological Oceanography
Principal Investigator:Luigi Jovane
Grantee:Luigi Jovane
Host Institution: Instituto Oceanográfico (IO). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Pesquisadores principais:
Felipe Antonio de Lima Toledo
Associated researchers: Alex Cardoso Bastos ; Ana Clara Braga de Souza ; Ana Luiza Spadano Albuquerque ; André Pires Negrão ; Aristóteles de Moraes Rios Netto ; Arthur Ayres Neto ; Candido Augusto Veloso Moura ; Carina Ulsen ; Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho ; Cátia Fernandes Barbosa ; Christian Millo ; Douglas Galante ; Edmo José Dias Campos ; Elisabete de Santis Braga da Graça Saraiva ; Everton Marques Bongiolo ; Fabio Rodrigues ; Fabio Taioli ; Francisco de Assis Dourado da Silva ; Frederico Pereira Brandini ; Gabriel Travassos Tagliaro ; Gerson Fauth ; Helenice Vital ; Ilson Carlos Almeida da SIlveira ; Jairo Francisco Savian ; Joelson Lima Soares ; jorge de jesus picanço de figueiredo ; José Gustavo Natorf de Abreu ; Juliana Pereira de Quadros ; Karen Badaraco Costa ; Karlos Guilherme Diemer Kochhann ; Liliane Janikian Paes de Almeida ; Luciano Ponzi Pezzi ; Lucy Gomes Sant'Anna ; luis americo conti ; Marcelo Peres Rocha ; Marco Aurelio Guedes Pereira ; Marco Ianniruberto ; Martino Giorgioni ; Mary Lucia da Silva Nogueira ; Moab Praxedes Gomes ; Narelle Maia de Almeida ; Nicolás Misailidis Stríkis ; Olga Tiemi Sato ; Patrícia Pinheiro Beck Eichler ; Paulo César Fonseca Giannini ; Paulo Eduardo de Oliveira ; Paulo Simionatto Polito ; Pedro Leite da Silva Dias ; Ricardo Piazza Meireles ; Roberto Lima Barcellos ; Silvia Helena de Mello e Sousa ; Stefano Crivellari ; Tercio Ambrizzi ; Tereza Cristina Medeiros de Araujo ; Tristan Charles Clitandre Rousseau ; Valéria da Silva Quaresma ; Vinicius Hector Abud Louro ; Vivian Helena Pellizari
Associated grant(s):22/02398-0 - NERC-FAPESP: The Marine Gateway Project: quantifying the causes and climatic consequences of the opening of the South Atlantic and the formation of its salt giant, AP.R
19/13430-0 - Multi-User equipment approved in grant 16/24946-9: Streamer, AP.EMU
19/13755-6 - Multi-User Equipment approved in grant 16/24946-9: sparker, AP.EMU
Associated scholarship(s):24/05164-6 - Sea-Level changes and Global Monsoon System: Clues from marine cores in Brazil, BP.IC
23/02970-9 - Orbital forcing and the evolution of South American Monsoon from late Miocene to early Pliocene, BP.PD
+ associated scholarships 23/13807-1 - Calculation of turbulent fluxes at the ocean-atmosphere interface, over the Southwest and Southern Atlantic oceans, BP.MS
23/16060-4 - Basement related faults and deformation patterns during the drift phase of Divergent Margins, BP.DD
23/12162-7 - Sedimentary Sources for the Brazilian Equatorial Margin between the Last Glacial Maximum and Recent, BP.IC
23/12421-2 - Tracking sea level changes in Fernando de Noronha Archipelag using grain-size and mineral distribution, BP.IC
23/13167-2 - Tracking upwelling variability in Cabo Frio using grain-size and minerals distributions, BP.IC
22/08285-3 - The tropical southern Atlantic Ocean climatic shifts and eco-system responses during the Paleogene-Quaternary along the Brazilian Margin., BP.PD
22/13681-5 - Marine Gateways in the Mesozoic Basins of Northeast Brazil: a geochemical and isotopic study, BP.DR
22/15789-8 - Magnetostratigraphy and Magnetic Mineralogy of the Ra Stua Sedimentary Section (Northern Italy), BP.IC
22/16473-4 - An evaluation of the influence of the South Atlantic Magnetic Anomaly on Marine sediments and Contour Currents in the Santos Basin, BP.IC
22/07154-2 - Magnetostratigraphy of marine cores from the South-Eastern Brazilian equatorial margin, BP.PD
22/09177-0 - Paleoclimatic and paleoceanographic reconstructions in the Brazilian equatorial margin: proxy analysis and numerical modeling, BP.DD
22/06289-1 - Brazil current, impact on the seafloor along the Brazilian margin and its palaeoceanographic evolution, BP.PD
21/11035-6 - Role of equatorial Pacific variability in the Earth System dynamics, BP.PD
21/11375-1 - Stratigraphic and spatial distribution of Cenozoic contouritic deposits in the South Atlantic, BP.DD
21/10275-3 - Analysis of the primary productivity of the Southern Ocean during the warming of the middle Miocene using geochemical data, BP.IC
21/12647-5 - Tectonic and seismostratigraphic investigation of the Santos Continental Shelf through seismic surveys using Sparker equipment, BP.IC
21/11388-6 - Geomorphological, seismostratigraphic and faciological characterization of bioclastic environments in the Vitória-Trindade Chain, BP.DD
20/08847-6 - Quaternary evolution of the Brazilian continental shelf, BP.PD
19/14464-5 - Cyclostratigraphic analysis and astronomical tuning of the lower cretaceous, BP.IC
19/11364-0 - Investigating ocean acidification during the late Maastrichtian and early Danian from marine sections of Brazil and India: Implications for impact vs. volcanism roles in the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary mass extinction., BP.PD - associated scholarships


Tropical regions are a major source of heat to mid- and high-latitudes. The Atlantic Ocean-Atmosphere system is unique as it is the only system that currently transports heat across the equator. Therefore, accomplishing accurate global climate reconstructions, documentation and implementation of Atlantic climates in large-scale climate models is essential. This, however, has been hampered for most of the Cenozoic due to the lack of sufficient low-latitude sediment records. Here we propose to investigate paleoceanographic changes across the Cenozoic driven by longer and shorter term forcings from the Eocene greenhouse to icehouse conditions in the Quaternary, through the reconstruction of atmospheric, oceanographic and biological processes. The Brazilian Margin is a passive and stable continental margin that developed following the opening of the central Atlantic Ocean in mid-Cretaceous. A peculiar aspect of this margin is that it remained tectonically "passive" and approximately at the same equatorial latitude since its formation and, consequently, it has maintained continually a mainly oligotrophic inter-tropical environment. This project will take advantage of these unique attributes for obtaining high-quality sedimentological, paleoclimatic, and paleoceanographic data for the Cenozoic, proposing to drill transects across the Brazilian Margin from the uppermost part of the continental slope to the abyssal plain. The expected stratigraphic continuity along these transects will allow the detailed study of the relation between pCO2, sea-level and climate changes throughout the Cenozoic by constraining the fundamental parameters for calculating the climate sensitivity. This stratigraphic record will define the low-latitude climatic response to the major Cenozoic climatic events, such as the EECO, MECO, EOT, OMT, MCO and iNHG (see text for details). Sediments are expected to yield calcareous and organic microfossils, which will allow for studying the response of tropical ecosystems to these climatic events and also provide independent substrates for climate and carbon cycle reconstructions. Sediments will contain also fine eolian particles as well as terrigenous sediments related to increased run-off therefore more precipitations, which are associated to the South American Monsoon System as part of the Global Monsoon System. By undertaking a depth transect of sites selected from a wealth of seismic reflection data, integrated with high-resolution sedimentological records to reconstruct sea-level changes. In particular, these sites were chosen to establish a landmark for high-resolution Eocene-Recent tropical climate reconstructions, which will provide the following outcomes: 1) detail the relationship between tropical climate (temperature), sea-level and atmospheric pCO2; 2) evolution of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation driven by longer (tectonic) and shorter term (solar input) forcings and interplay with the South American Monsoon System. (AU)

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Scientific publications (22)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
PALCU, V, DAN; MURASZKO, JOY R.; JAQUETO, PLINIO F.; JOVANE, LUIGI. The Birth of a Connected South Atlantic Ocean: A Magnetostratigraphic Perspective. Frontiers in Earth Science, v. 8, . (18/17061-6, 16/24946-9, 18/20733-6)
DE MOURA, DENISE SILVA; MOLINA, EDER CASSOLA; MARANGONI, YARA REGINA; JOVANE, LUIGI. Gravity and Magnetic Constraints on the Crustal Structure of the Ceara Plateau, Brazilian Equatorial Margin. Frontiers in Earth Science, v. 7, . (16/24946-9, 16/15854-3)
DANTAS, R. C.; HASSAN, M. B.; CRUZ, F. W.; JOVANE, L.. Evidence for methane seepage in South Atlantic from the occurrence of authigenic gypsum and framboidal pyrite in deep-sea sediments. MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY, v. 142, p. 15-pg., . (17/50085-3, 16/24946-9, 17/04821-0)
BIN HASSAN, MUHAMMAD; TAGLIARO, GABRIEL; HARPER, BRANDON; DROXLER, ANDRE W.; HERRERO-BERVERA, EMILIO; YOKOYAMA, YUSUKE; PUGA-BERNABEU, ANGEL; WEBSTER, JODY M.; JOVANE, LUIGI. A magnetic and geochemical approach to the changing sedimentation accumulation on the upper slope of the great barrier reef, northeastern Australian margin. QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS, v. 315, p. 14-pg., . (16/24946-9, 18/17061-6, 20/08847-6, 17/04821-0, 21/06941-8)
VILLA, GIULIANA; FLORINDO, FABIO; PERSICO, DAVIDE; LURCOCK, PONTUS; DE MARTINI, ANA PAULA; JOVANE, LUIGI; FIORONI, CHIARA. Integrated calcareous nannofossil and magnetostratigraphic record of ODP Site 709: Middle Eocene to late Oligocene paleoclimate and paleoceanography of the Equatorial Indian Ocean. MARINE MICROPALEONTOLOGY, v. 169, . (16/24946-9)
CORNAGGIA, FLAMINIA; BERNARDINI, SIMONE; GIORGIONI, MARTINO; SILVA, GABRIEL L. X.; NAGY, ANDRE ISTVAN M.; JOVANE, LUIGI. Abyssal oceanic circulation and acidification during the Middle Eocene Climatic Optimum (MECO). SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 10, n. 1, . (16/24946-9, 11/22018-3, 18/17061-6)
BENITES, MARIANA; HEIN, JAMES R.; MIZELL, KIRA; JOVANE, LUIGI. Miocene Phosphatization of Rocks From the Summit of Rio Grande Rise, Southwest Atlantic Ocean. PALEOCEANOGRAPHY AND PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, v. 36, n. 9, . (16/24946-9)
VICENTE ALVES, DANIEL PAVANI; CALDATO, EDUARDO BOMFIN; DE MOURA, DENISE SILVA; DOS SANTOS, ROBERTO P. ZANON; JOVANE, LUIGI. High-Resolution Sub-Bottom and Magnetometer Data From Southeastern Brazilian Coast. FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE, v. 7, . (11/22018-3, 16/24946-9)
JOVANE, LUIGI; FLORINDO, FABIO; WILSON, GARY; LEONE, STEPHANIE DE ALMEIDA PECCHIAI SALDANHA; BIN HASSAN, MUHAMMAD; RODELLI, DANIEL; CORTESE, GIUSEPPE. Magnetostratigraphic Chronology of a Cenozoic Sequence From DSDP Site 274, Ross Sea, Antarctica. Frontiers in Earth Science, v. 8, . (16/24946-9)
SERGIPE, PAULA POSSAMAI; MARANGONI, YARA REGINA; ZANON DOS SANTOS, ROBERTO PAULO; DE MOURA, DENISE SILVA; JOVANE, LUIGI. Diurnal variation effect in marine magnetometric surveys: clues from surveys in southeast Brazil. MARINE GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, v. 42, n. 3, . (18/19355-7, 16/24946-9)
LEANDRO, C. G.; SAVIAN, J. F.; KOCHHANN, M. V. L.; FRANCO, D. R.; COCCIONI, R.; FRONTALINI, F.; GARDIN, S.; JOVANE, L.; FIGUEIREDO, M.; TEDESCHI, L. R.; et al. Astronomical tuning of the Aptian stage and its implications for age recalibrations and paleoclimatic events. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v. 13, n. 1, p. 12-pg., . (16/24946-9)
PADUA, PATRICIA CEDRAZ; SRIVASTAVA, PRIYESHU; DE MARTINI, ANA PAULA; ALVES, DANIEL P., V; GABEL, VICTOR SCHNEIDER; DE LIMA FERREIRA, PAULO ALVES; JOVANE, LUIGI. A 140-year record of environmental changes in Sao Sebastiao, Brazil. Science of The Total Environment, v. 838, p. 14-pg., . (16/24946-9, 19/11364-0, 18/17061-6)
LEONE, STEPHANIE; PALCU, DAN, V; SRIVASTAVA, PRIYESHU; BIN HASSAN, MUHAMMAD; MURASZKO, JOY R.; JOVANE, LUIGI. Changing sediment supply during glacial-interglacial intervals in the North Atlantic revealed by particle size characterization and environmental magnetism. GLOBAL AND PLANETARY CHANGE, v. 220, p. 14-pg., . (18/20733-6, 17/04821-0, 19/11364-0, 16/24946-9)
KASEM, ATEF M.; FARIS, MAHMOUD; JOVANE, LUIGI; ADS, TAYSIR ABDELHAMID; FRONTALINI, FABRIZIO; ZAKY, AMR S.. Biostratigraphy and Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction at the Gebel Nezzazat (Central Sinai, Egypt): A Paleocene Record for the Southern Tethys. GEOSCIENCES, v. 12, n. 2, p. 22-pg., . (16/24946-9)
CARRASQUEIRA, IGOR GUSTAVO DA FONSECA; JOVANE, LUIGI; DROXLER, ANDRE W.; ZARIKIAN, CARLOS A. ALVAREZ; LANCI, LUCA; ALONSO-GARCIA, MONTSERRAT; LAYA, JUAN CARLOS; KROON, DICK. Anomalous widespread arid events in Asia over the past 550,000 years. PNAS NEXUS, v. 2, n. 6, p. 9-pg., . (16/24946-9)
RAWAT, SUMAN; GUPTA, ANIL K.; SRIVASTAVA, PRIYESHU; SANGODE, S. J.; JOVANE, LUIGI. Spatial-temporal heterogeneity in a small lake and its implication for paleoclimate reconstruction. LIMNOLOGY, v. 23, n. 1, . (16/24946-9, 19/11364-0)
KOCHHANN, MARCUS V. L.; SAVIAN, JAIRO F.; TORI, FLAVIA; CATANZARITI, RITA; COCCIONI, RODOLFO; FRONTALINI, FABRIZIO; JOVANE, LUIGI; FLORINDO, FABIO; MONECHI, SIMONETTA. Orbital tuning for the middle Eocene to early Oligocene Monte Cagnero Section (Central Italy): Paleoenvironmental and paleoclimatic implications. PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, v. 577, . (16/24946-9)
PEDRAO, GUILHERME A.; COSTA, KAREN B.; TOLEDO, FELIPE A. L.; TOMAZELLA, MARIANA O.; JOVANE, LUIGI. Semi-Quantitative Analysis of Major Elements and Minerals: Clues from a Late Pleistocene Core from Campos Basin. APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL, v. 11, n. 13, . (16/24946-9)
D'ONOFRIO, ROBERTA; ZAKY, AMR S.; FRONTALINI, FABRIZIO; LUCIANI, VALERIA; CATANZARITI, RITA; FRANCESCANGELI, FABIO; GIORGIONI, MARTINO; COCCIONI, RODOLFO; OZCAN, ERCAN; JOVANE, LUIGI. Impact of the Middle Eocene Climatic Optimum (MECO) on Foraminiferal and Calcareous Nannofossil Assemblages in the Neo-Tethyan Baskil Section (Eastern Turkey): Paleoenvironmental and Paleoclimatic Reconstructions. APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL, v. 11, n. 23, . (16/24946-9)
ALVES, DANIEL P. V.; MASELLI, VITTORIO; IACOPINI, DAVID; VIANA, ADRIANO R.; JOVANE, LUIGI. Oceanographic exchanges between the Southern and Northern Atlantic during the Cenozoic inferred from mixed contourite-turbidite systems in the Brazilian Equatorial Margin. MARINE GEOLOGY, v. 456, p. 20-pg., . (16/24946-9)
SERGIPE, PAULA POSSAMAI; LOURO, VINICIUS; MARANGONI, YARA REGINA; DE MOURA, DENISE SILVA; JOVANE, LUIGI. A study of volcanic rocks and ferromanganese crusts through marine geophysical methods integration in the north portion of Cruzeiro do Sul Rift in the Rio Grande Rise. FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE, v. 10, p. 13-pg., . (16/24946-9, 14/50820-7)
BENITES, MARIANA; GONZALEZ, JAVIER; HEIN, JAMES; MARINO, EGIDIO; REYES, JESUS; MILLO, CHRISTIAN; JOVANE, LUIGI. Controls on the chemical composition of ferromanganese crusts from deep-water to the summit of the Rio Grande Rise, South Atlantic Ocean. MARINE GEOLOGY, v. 462, p. 19-pg., . (20/13258-0, 16/24946-9, 14/50820-7)

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