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Modeling of dense granular flows: experiments, numerical simulations and stability analyses

Grant number: 18/14981-7
Support Opportunities:Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants - Phase 2
Duration: May 01, 2019 - April 30, 2024
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Mechanical Engineering - Transport Phenomena
Principal Investigator:Erick de Moraes Franklin
Grantee:Erick de Moraes Franklin
Host Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia Mecânica (FEM). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:12/19562-6 - The transport of grains as bed-load and the instabilities of a granular bed, AP.JP
Associated grant(s):22/01743-6 - Migrating dunes over hilly terrains, AP.R
Associated scholarship(s):22/08321-0 - Numerical investigation of particle segregation in polydisperse fluidized beds, BP.MS
22/09081-2 - Dynamics of a gas-solid fluidized bed, BP.IC
22/09083-5 - Grain velocities over a moving granular bed, BP.IC
+ associated scholarships 22/01758-3 - Turbulent flow interacting with dense granular media: perturbations on the flow structure, BP.PD
21/11470-4 - Growth of three-dimensional dunes under turbulent flows, BP.MS
20/15624-3 - Turbulent flow over bedforms: experiments, BP.MS
20/04151-7 - The motion of an intruder within granular matter, BP.DR
20/00221-0 - Solid-liquid fluidized beds: fluid flow, grain dynamics and pattern formation, BP.DD
19/21530-4 - Dynamics of solid-liquid fluidized beds, BP.IC
19/22691-1 - Turbulent flow interacting with dense granular media: perturbations on the flow structure, BP.PD
19/20888-2 - CFD-DEM simulations of fluidized beds, BP.PD
19/17047-6 - Experimental measurements of ripples and dunes on a granular bed, BP.IC
19/10239-7 - Bed-load instabilities: granular dynamics and interaction with the fluid flow, BP.DD
19/10989-6 - Gravity-driven flow of grains in narrow tubes: numerical investigation of granular plugs, BP.IC - associated scholarships


The flow of granular matter in dense regime is frequently found in both nature and industry. In nature, some examples are the erosion of river banks, the formation and migration of dunes in deserts, and landslides, for example. In industry, it occurs in pharmaceutical, agro-food, and pollution dispersion processes. Although of practical importance, dense granular flows are not well understood. This project proposes an experimental, numerical and theoretical study concerning the physics of granular flows in dense regime, and their interaction with fluids. The experiments will be performed in different configurations (granular beds sheared by a fluid, fluidized beds, and gravitational flows). For the experiments, we will film the different granular flows with a high-speed camera, and automatically identify and track the grains and clusters along images by using numerical scripts. In addition, when in the presence of liquids, the fluid instantaneous velocities will be measured with PIV (Particle Image Velocimetry), and flow visualization. For the numerical part, we will perform simulations using a coupled CFD-DEM (computational fluid dynamics - discrete element method) code. For the analytical part, stability analysis and perturbation methods will be employed. The objective is to identify and measure the mechanisms involved in each flow configuration, such as particle-particle shocks and friction, pressure and viscous drags, virtual mass force, and particle-wall shocks and friction, and then search for new physical models applied to an ensemble of grains for different dense granular flows. This project is an extension a FAPESP grant coordinated by the proponent (FAPESP Proccess n. 2016/13474-9); therefore, some of the information herein is found in the referred process. (AU)

Articles published in Pesquisa FAPESP Magazine about the research grant:
Shifting sands 
El desplazamiento de los barjanes 
Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
Articles published in other media outlets (0 total):
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Scientific publications (11)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CUNEZ, FERNANDO DAVID; FRANKLIN, ERICK M.. Crystallization and jamming in narrow fluidized beds. Physics of Fluids, v. 32, n. 8, . (18/14981-7)
SCHNORR FILHO, ELMAR ANTON; LIMA, NICOLAO CERQUEIRA; FRANKLIN, ERICK M.. Resolved CFD-DEM simulations of the hydraulic conveying of coarse grains through a very-narrow elbow. Powder Technology, v. 395, p. 811-821, . (18/14981-7, 19/20888-2)
CHIMETTA, BRUNO PELISSON; FRANKLIN, ERICK. An analytical comprehensive solution for the superficial waves appearing in gravity-driven flows of liquid films. ZEITSCHRIFT FUR ANGEWANDTE MATHEMATIK UND PHYSIK, v. 71, n. 4, . (18/14981-7)
ASSIS, W. R.; FRANKLIN, E. M.. A Comprehensive Picture for Binary Interactions of Subaqueous Barchans. Geophysical Research Letters, v. 47, n. 18, . (19/10239-7, 18/14981-7)
ASSIS, W. R.; FRANKLIN, E. M.. Morphodynamics of Barchan-Barchan Interactions Investigated at the Grain Scale. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-EARTH SURFACE, v. 126, n. 8, . (18/14981-7)
CUNEZ, FERNANDO DAVID; LIMA, NICOLAO CERQUEIRA; FRANKLIN, ERICK M.. Motion and clustering of bonded particles in narrow solid-liquid fluidized beds. Physics of Fluids, v. 33, n. 2, . (18/23838-3, 16/18189-0, 19/20888-2, 18/14981-7)
ALVAREZ, CARLOS A.; FRANKLIN, ERICK M.. Force distribution within a barchan dune. Physics of Fluids, v. 33, n. 1, . (18/14981-7)
ALVAREZ, CARLOS A.; FRANKLIN, ERICK M.. Shape evolution of numerically obtained subaqueous barchan dunes. Physical Review E, v. 101, n. 1, . (18/14981-7)
ALVAREZ, CARLOS A.; CUNEZ, FERNANDO DAVID; FRANKLIN, ERICK M.. Growth of barchan dunes of bidispersed granular mixtures. Physics of Fluids, v. 33, n. 5, . (18/14981-7, 16/18189-0)
CUNEZ, FERNANDO DAVID; FRANKLIN, ERICK M.. Mimicking layer inversion in solid-liquid fluidized beds in narrow tubes. Powder Technology, v. 364, p. 994-1008, . (16/18189-0, 16/13474-9, 18/14981-7)
ALVAREZ, CARLOS A.; FRANKLIN, ERICK M.. Horns of subaqueous barchan dunes: A study at the grain scale. Physical Review E, v. 100, n. 4, . (16/13474-9, 18/14981-7)

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