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Precision nutrition for sanitary challenged pigs reared in hot climate areas

Grant number: 18/15559-7
Support Opportunities:Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants - Phase 2
Duration: May 01, 2019 - April 30, 2024
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Animal Husbandry - Animal Nutrition and Feeding
Principal Investigator:Luciano Hauschild
Grantee:Luciano Hauschild
Host Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias (FCAV). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Jaboticabal. Jaboticabal , SP, Brazil
Associated researchers:Aline Remus ; Anders Ringgaard Kristensen ; Andrew Kent Benson ; Candido Pomar ; Daniel Columbus ; Danilo Alves Marçal ; Ines Andretta ; João Carlos Gomes Neto ; Luan Sousa dos Santos ; Natasha Pavlovikj ; Nathalie Le Floch ; PASTORELLI HELENE ; Paulo Henrique Reis Furtado Campos ; Renata Spuri Gomes
Associated research grant:12/03781-0 - Sustainable precision feeding systems (PFS) for swine and poultry: estimating real-time individual nutrient requirements (pigs) and evaluation of the PFS (pigs and poultry), AP.JP
Associated grant(s):22/00494-2 - Toward a better understanding of diet-and-gut microbiome relationships for maximizing growth of modern pig genotypes, AP.R SPRINT
19/10843-1 - Multi-User Equipment approved in grant 18/15559-7: Dual Energy X-ray bone densitometry equipment, AP.EMU
Associated scholarship(s):23/08305-7 - Effect of preventive or curative dietary supplementation with functional amino acids on growing pigs under sanitary challenge, BP.DD
21/09778-0 - Effect of precision nutrition with amino acid supplementation functional information on the performance and body composition of swine under environmental challenge, BP.IC
21/03752-0 - Effect of dietary supplementation with functional amino acids (Tre, Met and Trip) for growing pigs with suboptimal health challenged with Salmonella Typhimurium, BP.IC
+ associated scholarships 20/15797-5 - Effect of dietary supplementation with functional amino acids (Thr, Met and Trp) in suboptimal health challenged pigs with Salmonella typhimurium, BP.DD
19/20150-3 - Dietary supplementation of amino acids on metabolism and growth performance of growing pigs housed under two different sanitary housing conditions, BP.DR
20/03497-7 - Threonine supplementation on growth and corporal composition of growing pigs under a sanitary challenge, BP.IC
19/19588-4 - Evaluation of the physiological and metabolic response and performance of post-weaning piglets submitted to different management conditions and environment, BP.PD
18/11807-6 - Housing hygiene conditions affect postprandial profiles of amino acids and metabolites in pigs selected for low and high residual feed intake, BP.DR - associated scholarships

Abstract

This project aims to continue the study (JP1) of the factors responsible for the variability of pig performance and thus establish nutritional programs based on the concept of precision nutrition. In the actual context of global warming and livestock production increase in hot climate countries areas, livestock animals will be more and more exposed to heat stress. In addition, the association of global warming, higher animal stock density in smaller areas, increased flow of animals in the production systems and different management practices adopted (sanitary housing conditions) will benefit the development and dissemination of pathogens resulting in a greater contamination pressure. In this regard, the challenges of the livestock production sector in the 21st century include meeting the growing global demand for food in a context in which livestock animals will be more and more exposed to heat stress and sanitary challenges. Therefore, the objectives of this project are: a/ to evaluate the effect of different sanitary housing conditions on the on the physiology, metabolism, health status and performance of post weaning piglets; b/ to evaluate the interaction effects of nutritional strategy, health status, sanitary housing conditions and ambient temperature on the physiology, metabolism and performance of growing-finishing pigs; c/ to develop a method to monitor the health status of pigs in real time. For that purpose, the project is divided into 4 phases. In Phase 1, a survey of the management practices adopted during the post-weaning and growing-finishing phases in Brazilian pig farms will be conducted. In Phase 2, a systematic study (meta-analyses) will be performed to identify and quantify the optimal amino acids levels to be used in the diets according to the different challenges which pigs can be exposed during the growing-finishing phases (sanitary conditions and ambient temperature). In Phase 3 a study will be conduct to evaluate the effect of different sanitary housing conditions on the on the physiology, metabolism, health status and performance of post weaning piglets. In this phase, five others studies will be conduct to evaluate the effects of nutritional strategies (amino acids), health status (pigs from weaning phase raised on different sanitary housing conditions), sanitary housing conditions and temperature on growing-finishing pigs on physiology, metabolism and performance. In Phase 4, based on the results of Phase 3, will be evaluated the effects of nutritional strategies, health status, sanitary housing conditions and ambient temperature on feeding behavior responses of growing-finishing pigs. Finally, a dynamic linear model developed to identify deviations in real time from the normal pattern of pig feed consumption exposed to challenges will be validated in this project. The project's results may be used as a technological and nutritional strategy for pigs exposed to sanitary challenges in hot climates. Thus, this initiative would contribute to the sustainable development of pig farming in tropical and subtropical climates and to adapting production systems to the challenges imposed by intensified production and global warming. (AU)

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Scientific publications (13)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DE ALMEIDA, GUILHERME RESENDE; HAUSCHILD, LUCIANO; FRAGA, ALICIA ZEM; DE OLIVEIRA LITTIERE, THAYSSA; MOREIRA, VINICIUS EDUARDO; DE CASTRO WEITZEL, LIDIANNE CAROLINA; CAETANO, RAPHAEL PERINI; LIMA, GUSTAVO FREIRE RESENDE; CAMPOS, PAULO HENRIQUE REIS FURTADO. Interaction of space allowance and diet on growth performance and physiological responses of piglets raised in tropical conditions. TROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION, v. 52, n. 6, p. 3575-3582, . (18/15559-7)
JOSE KARPEGGIANE DE OLIVEIRA, MARLLON; DIEGO BRANDAO MELO, ANTONIO; ALVES MARCAL, DANILO; ALVES DA CUNHA VALINI, GRAZIELA; ALISSON SILVA, CLESLEI; MARI VEIRA, ALINI; ZEM FRAGA, ALICIA; RIGHETTI ARNAUT, PEDRO; HENRIQUE REIS FURTADO CAMPOS, PAULO; SOUSA DOS SANTOS, LUAN; et al. Effects of lowering dietary protein content without or with increased protein-bound and feed-grade amino acids supply on growth performance, body composition, metabolism, and acute-phase protein of finishing pigs under daily cyclic heat stress. JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE, v. 101, p. 16-pg., . (18/15559-7)
HAUSCHILD, L.; KRISTENSEN, A. R.; ANDRETTA, I.; REMUS, A.; SANTOS, L. S.; POMAR, C.. Toward better estimates of the real-time individual amino acid requirements of growing-finishing pigs showing deviations from their typical feeding patterns. ANIMAL, v. 14, n. 2, SI, p. S371-S381, . (16/25157-8, 18/15559-7)
DOS SANTOS, LUAN SOUSA; REIS FURTADO CAMPOS, PAULO HENRIQUE; DA SILVA, WELEX CANDIDO; VEIRA, ALINI MARI; FRAGA, ALICIA ZEM; CAETANO, RAPHAEL PERINI; HAUSCHILD, LUCIANO. Performance and carcass composition of pigs from two sire lines are affected differently by ambient temperature. ANIMAL PRODUCTION SCIENCE, v. 61, n. 6, . (18/15559-7, 15/05241-1)
VEIRA, A. M.; SANTOS, L. S.; GOBI, J. P.; SILVA, W. C.; FRAGA, A. Z.; HAUSCHILD, L.. Individual responses of growing pigs to diets with valine and isoleucine to lysine ratios. ANIMAL FEED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, v. 279, . (17/18734-1, 18/15559-7)
REMUS, ALINE; HAUSCHILD, LUCIANO; LETOURNEAU-MONTMINY, MARIE-PIERRE; ANDRETTA, INES; POMAR, CANDIDO. Feeding behavior of growing and finishing pigs fed different dietary threonine levels in a group-phase feeding and individual precision feeding system. TRANSLATIONAL ANIMAL SCIENCE, v. 4, n. 4, . (14/25075-6, 18/15559-7)
FRAGA, ALICIA ZEM; HAUSCHILD, LUCIANO; REIS FURTADO CAMPOS, PAULO HENRIQUE; VALK, MARCIO; BELLO, DEBORA ZAVA; KIPPER, MARCOS; ANDRETTA, INES. Genetic selection modulates feeding behavior of group-housed pigs exposed to daily cyclic high ambient temperatures. PLoS One, v. 17, n. 1, p. 14-pg., . (18/15559-7, 19/23265-6, 18/11807-6)
HAUSCHILD, L.; KRISTENSEN, A. R.; ANDRETTA, I.; REMUS, A.; SANTOS, L. S.; POMAR, C.. Toward better estimates of the real-time individual amino acid requirements of growing-finishing pigs showing deviations from their typical feeding patterns. ANIMAL, v. 14, p. 11-pg., . (16/25157-8, 18/15559-7)
WELEX CÂNDIDO DA SILVA; PAULO HENRIQUE REIS FURTADO CAMPOS; LUAN SOUSA DOS SANTOS; ALINI MARI VEIRA; ALÍCIA ZEM FRAGA; LUCIANO HAUSCHILD. Sequential feeding with diets varying in amino acid content for growing-finishing pigs. Scientia Agricola, v. 78, n. 4, . (18/15559-7)
ZEM FRAGA, ALICIA; LOUVEAU, ISABELLE; CAMPOS, PAULO HENRIQUE REIS FURTADO; HAUSCHILD, LUCIANO; LE FLOC'H, NATHALIE. Selection for feed efficiency elicits different postprandial plasma metabolite profiles in response to poor hygiene of housing conditions in growing pigs. PLoS One, v. 16, n. 3, . (18/11807-6, 18/15559-7)
VEIRA, ALINI MARI; DOS SANTOS, LUAN SOUSA; REIS FURTADO CAMPOS, PAULO HENRIQUE; MARCAL, DANILO ALVES; FRAGA, ALICIA ZEM; HAUSCHILD, LUCIANO. ffects of sequential feeding with adjustments to dietary amino acid concentration according to the circadian rhythm on the performance, body composition, and nutrient balance of growing-finishing pig. PLoS One, v. 16, n. 12, . (17/18734-1, 18/15559-7)
ALVES DA CUNHA VALINI, GRAZIELA; RIGHETTI ARNAUT, PEDRO; FRANCA, ISMAEL; TREVISAN ORTIZ, MANOELA; KARPEGGIANE DE OLIVEIRA, MARLLON JOSE; BRANDAO MELO, ANTONIO DIEGO; ALVES MARCAL, DANILO; REIS FURTADO CAMPOS, PAULO HENRIQUE; KHUN HTOO, JOHN; GASTMANN BRAND, HENRIQUE; et al. Increased dietary Trp, Thr, and Met supplementation improves growth performance and protein deposition of salmonella-challenged growing pigs under poor housing conditions. JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE, v. 101, p. 12-pg., . (19/20150-3, 18/15559-7)
DA SILVA, WELEX CANDIDO; REIS FURTADO CAMPOS, PAULO HENRIQUE; DOS SANTOS, LUAN SOUSA; VEIRA, ALINI MARI; FRAGA, ALICIA ZEM; HAUSCHILD, LUCIANO. Sequential feeding with diets varying in amino acid content for growing-finishing pigs. CIENTIA AGRICOL, v. 78, n. 4, p. 8-pg., . (18/15559-7)

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