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Impact of volcanism on the South American Monsoon System and its relationship with the Atlantic Ocean sea surface temperature modes of variability

Grant number: 18/14789-9
Support Opportunities:Regular Research Grants
Duration: December 01, 2018 - December 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Oceanography - Physical Oceanography
Convênio/Acordo: CNRS
Mobility Program: SPRINT - Projetos de pesquisa - Mobilidade
Principal Investigator:Ilana Elazari Klein Coaracy Wainer
Grantee:Ilana Elazari Klein Coaracy Wainer
Principal researcher abroad: Myriam Khodri
Institution abroad: Institut Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL), France
Host Institution: Instituto Oceanográfico (IO). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:15/50686-1 - Paleo-constraints on monsoon evolution and dynamics, AP.TEM


The South American Monsoon (SAMS) has a direct impact on the hydrology of the region and is influenced by the variability of surface temperatures in the South Atlantic. This ocean is indeedone of the most important sources of moisture flow that feeds rainfalls in South America. This monsoon flux also depends on the land-sea gradient to establish and evolve. Due to their impacton the net solar radiation at the surface, large eruptions can significantly influence SAMS with potentially devastating consequences on the local economy. Observations indicate a response generally associated with a decrease in surface temperatures and tropical precipitation for several years following a stratospheric eruption. In this context, we wish to better characterizethe response of SAMS to volcanism and the role of the Atlantic Ocean relying on observations and sensitivity experiments with the IPSL models following the methodology developed by Khodri et al(2017). (AU)

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Scientific publications (6)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SILVA, PAULO; WAINER, ILANA; KHODRI, MYRIAM. Changes in the equatorial mode of the Tropical Atlantic in terms of the Bjerknes Feedback Index. Climate Dynamics, v. 56, n. 9-10, p. 3005-3024, . (15/17659-0, 18/14789-9)
AGUIAR, WILTON; MEISSNER, KATRIN J.; MONTENEGRO, ALVARO; PRADO, LUCIANA; WAINER, ILANA; CARLSON, ANDERS E.; MATA, MAURICIO M.. Magnitude of the 8.2 ka event freshwater forcing based on stable isotope modelling and comparison to future Greenland melting. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 11, n. 1, . (18/14789-9, 19/08247-1)
TONELLI, MARCOS; SIGNORI, CAMILA NEGRAO; BENDIA, AMANDA; NEIVA, JULIANA; FERRERO, BRUNO; PELLIZARI, VIVIAN; WAINER, ILANA. Climate Projections for the Southern Ocean Reveal Impacts in the Marine Microbial Communities Following Increases in Sea Surface Temperature. FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE, v. 8, . (12/23241-0, 18/14789-9)
PRADO, LUCIANA F.; WAINER, ILANA; DE SOUZA, RONALD B.. The Representation of the Southern Annular Mode Signal in the Brazilian Earth System Model. ATMOSPHERE, v. 12, n. 8, . (18/14789-9)
LUCIANA F. PRADO; ILANA WAINER; RONALD B. DE SOUZA. Positive SAM trend as seen in the Brazilian Earth System Model (BESM) future scenarios. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, v. 94, . (18/14789-9)
PRADO, LUCIANA FIGUEIREDO; WAINER, ILANA; YOKOYAMA, ELDER; KHODRI, MYRIAM; GARNIER, JEREMIE. Changes in summer precipitation variability in central Brazil over the past eight decades. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY, v. 41, n. 8, p. 4171-4186, . (15/50686-1, 18/14789-9)

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