Advanced search
Start date

Participation of glial cells in the central generation of respiratory rhythm and pattern


Several studies have demonstrated that glial cells (astrocytes and microglia) are able to modulate the synaptic transmission, affecting the activity of neuronal networks. It is also evident that glial cells are involved in the central generation of respiratory rhythm pattern. The pre-Bötzinger Complex (pre-BötC), a critical site of inspiratory rhythm generation in rodents, contains astrocytes and microglia that display changes in intracellular calcium concentration synchronized with the neuronal respiratory rhythm. However, the cellular mechanisms involved in the modulation of synaptic transmission, by the glial cells, of respiratory neurons in pathophysiological conditions (inflammation, hypoxia and hypertension) have been little explored until today. Considering the methodological limitations to study the interactions between the glial cells and neurons, the aim of the present application to the Visiting Researcher Program is to discuss theoretical and methodological aspects, with undergraduate and graduate students and Researches working in Respiratory Physiology and Membrane Biophysics, related to the cellular mechanisms involved in the central modulation of the respiratory rhythm and pattern in the pre-BötC of rodents by the glial cells in physiological and pathophysiological conditions. Clinically, the study of such mechanisms is relevant in conditions in which hypoxia and respiratory depression are implicated, including apnoea of prematurity, sleep disordered breathing and congestive heart failure. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
Articles published in other media outlets (0 total):
More itemsLess items

Please report errors in scientific publications list using this form.