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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Evolution of form and function: morphophysiological relationships and locomotor performance in tropidurine lizards

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Kohlsdorf, T. [1] ; Navas, C. [2]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biol, FFCLRP, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Fisiol, IB, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY; v. 288, n. 1, p. 41-49, SEP 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

Locomotor capacity is often considered an excellent measure of whole animal performance because it requires the integrated functioning of many morphological, physiological (and biochemical) traits. However, because studies tend to focus on either structural or functional suits of traits, we know little on whether and how morphological and physiological traits coevolve to produce adequate locomotor capacities. Hence, we investigate the evolutionary relationships between morphological and physiological parameters related to exercise physiology, using tropidurine lizards as a model. We employ a phylogenetic principal component analysis (PCA) to identify variable clusters (factors) related to morphology, energetic metabolism and muscle metabolism, and then analyze the relationships between these clusters and measures of locomotor performance, using two models (star and hierarchical phylogenies). Our data indicate that sprint performance is enhanced by simultaneous evolutionary tendencies affecting relative limb and tail size and physiological traits. Specifically, the high absolute sprint speeds exhibited by tropidurines from the sand dunes are explained by longer limbs, feet and tails and an increased proportion of glycolytic fibers in the leg muscle, contrasting with their lower capacity for overall oxidative metabolism {[}principal component (PC1)]. However, when sprint speeds are corrected for body size, performance correlates with a cluster (PC3) composed by moderate loads for activity metabolic rate and body size. The simultaneous measurement of morphological and physiological parameters is a powerful tool for exploring patterns of coadaptation and proposing morphophysiological associations that are not directly predictable from theory. This approach may trigger novel directions for investigating the evolution of form and function, particularly in the context of organismal performance. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 05/60140-4 - Evolução de diversidade fenotípica em lagartos tropicais: uma abordagem integrativa investigando diversos níveis de organização
Beneficiário:Tiana Kohlsdorf
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 03/01577-8 - Causas e correlações da variação fisiológica: papel dos gradientes ambientais e comportamentais em diferentes níveis de organização
Beneficiário:Carlos Arturo Navas Iannini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 00/06662-5 - Desempenho locomotor, fisiologia termal e metabólica e uso de substrato em espécies de Tropidurus (Sauria: Tropiduridae)
Beneficiário:Tiana Kohlsdorf
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado