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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Challenges of dehydration result in a behavioral shift in invasive toads

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Autor(es):
Madelaire, Carla B. [1, 2] ; Barsotti, Adriana M. G. [1, 2, 3] ; Wagener, Carla [1, 2] ; Sugano, Yuri Y. Vieira [1, 3] ; Baxter-Gilbert, James [1, 2] ; Gomes, Fernando R. [1, 3] ; Measey, John [2]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Fisiol, Inst Biociencias, Rua Matao, Trav 14 321, Cidade Univ, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Stellenbosch Univ, Ctr Invas Biol, Dept Bot & Zool, Stellenbosch - South Africa
[3] Measey, John, Stellenbosch Univ, Ctr Invas Biol, Dept Bot \& Zool, Stellenbosch, South Africa.Madelaire, Carla B., Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Fisiol, Inst Biociencias, Rua Matao, Trav 14 321, Cidade Univ, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY AND SOCIOBIOLOGY; v. 74, n. 7 JUN 14 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The adaptive nature of invasive species facilitates their survival in conditions that differ markedly from their native range. Behavioral changes in invasive populations are poorly explored but offer a wide potential when combined with physiological traits. For amphibians invading xeric habitats, finding water is important to function optimally and avoid dehydration. The water-finding hypothesis postulates that survival can be enhanced through the increased behavioral ability to find water. We tested the water-finding hypothesis in guttural toads (Sclerophrys gutturalis) from their native range and an invasive population. Additionally, we tested if artificially elevated corticosterone levels, which increase during dehydration, affect behavioral traits linked to water balance. In a labyrinth experiment, we observed the toads' ability to find water in different hydration states (100%, 90%, and 80%). We found that individuals from the invasive population took longer to engage in water-searching behavior and spent more time close to the water source after finding it. Toads from the invasive population were also more active, and at 90% hydration, their attempts to find water increased. Moreover, artificially increasing corticosterone in fully hydrated invasive toads increased water-finding success. Our experiments demonstrated that invasive toads show water-conservation behaviors that can optimize water balance and might facilitate survival in an invaded xeric environment. Additionally, we suggest a link between elevated corticosterone levels and water-finding success. Our results lend support to the importance of behavior in successful invasions and the modulation of water-finding behavior by corticosterone. Significant statement Invasion success is associated with behavioral and physiological adaptations of invasive species. For anuran species invading xeric habitats, the ability to find water is an important behavioral trait. Using a labyrinth experiment and toads (Sclerophrys gutturalis) dehydrated at different levels, we observed that individuals invading a hydric challenging habitat showed advantageous water-conservation behaviors (e.g., taking longer to engage in water-searching behavior and spent more time close to the water source after finding it) compared to toads from the native range. Transdermal treatment with corticosterone, a hormone that increases its plasma concentrations under dehydration, increased success of finding water in 100% hydrated animals. Our results indicate that, compared to the native population, invasive toads display water-conservation behaviors that might improve survival rates in a novel xeric environment and that experimental corticosterone elevation modulates this water-finding behavior. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/23661-6 - Desafios do front de invasão: balanço hídrico, estresse e imunidade em Sclerophrys gutturalis
Beneficiário:Adriana Maria Giorgi Barsotti
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/00406-0 - Relação sazonal entre imunidade, hormônios esteróides e resposta ao estresse em modelos ectotermos
Beneficiário:Carla Bonetti Madelaire
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/16320-7 - Impactos das mudanças climáticas e ambientais sobre a fauna: uma abordagem integrativa
Beneficiário:Carlos Arturo Navas Iannini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático