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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Peripheral Inflammatory Hyperalgesia Depends on P2X7 Receptors in Satellite Glial Cells

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Autor(es):
Neves, Amanda Ferreira [1] ; Farias, Felipe Hertzing [1, 2] ; de Magalhaes, Silviane Fernandes [1, 2] ; Araldi, Dioneia [1, 2, 3, 4] ; Pagliusi, Jr., Marco [1, 2] ; Tambeli, Claudia Herrera [1, 2] ; Sartori, Cesar Renato [1, 2] ; Lotufo, Celina Monteiro da Cruz [5] ; Parada, Carlos Amilcar [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Struct & Funct Biol, Campinas - Brazil
[2] Araldi, Dioneia, Univ Calif San Francisco, Div Neurosci, San Francisco, CA 94143 USA.Neves, Amanda Ferreira, Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Struct & Funct Biol, Campinas - Brazil
[3] Univ Calif San Francisco, Dept Med & Oral Surg, San Francisco, CA 94143 - USA
[4] Univ Calif San Francisco, Div Neurosci, San Francisco, CA 94143 - USA
[5] Univ Fed Uberlandia, Inst Biomed Sci, Area Physiol Sci, Uberlandia, MG - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY; v. 11, MAY 25 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Peripheral inflammatory hyperalgesia depends on the sensitization of primary nociceptive neurons. Inflammation drives molecular alterations not only locally but also in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) where interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and purinoceptors are upregulated. Activation of the P2X7 purinoceptors by ATP is essential for IL-1 beta maturation and release. At the DRG, P2X7R are expressed by satellite glial cells (SGCs) surrounding sensory neurons soma. Although SGCs have no projections outside the sensory ganglia these cells affect pain signaling through intercellular communication. Therefore, here we investigated whether activation of P2X7R by ATP and the subsequent release of IL-1 beta in DRG participate in peripheral inflammatory hyperalgesia. Immunofluorescent images confirmed the expression of P2X7R and IL-1 beta in SGCs of the DRG. The function of P2X7R was then verified using a selective antagonist, A-740003, or antisense for P2X7R administered in the L5-DRG. Inflammation was induced by CFA, carrageenan, IL-1 beta, or PGE(2) administered in rat's hind paw. Blockage of P2X7R at the DRG reduced the mechanical hyperalgesia induced by CFA, and prevented the mechanical hyperalgesia induced by carrageenan or IL-1 beta, but not PGE(2). It was also found an increase in P2X7 mRNA expression at the DRG after peripheral inflammation. IL-1 beta production was also increased by inflammatory stimuli in vivo and in vitro, using SGC-enriched cultures stimulated with LPS. In LPS-stimulated cultures, activation of P2X7R by BzATP induced the release of IL-1 beta, which was blocked by A-740003. In summary, our data suggest that peripheral inflammation leads to the activation of P2X7R expressed by SGCs at the DRG. Then, ATP-induced activation of P2X7R mediates the release of IL-1 beta from SGC. This evidence places the SGC as an active player in the establishment of peripheral inflammatory hyperalgesia and highlights the importance of the events in DRG for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57906-3 - Instituto Nacional de Fotônica Aplicada à Biologia Celular - INFABIC
Beneficiário:Hernandes Faustino de Carvalho
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático