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Antimicrobial activity of RP-1 peptide conjugate with ferrocene group

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Costa, Natalia C. S. [1, 2] ; Piccoli, Julia P. [2] ; Santos-Filho, Norival A. [2] ; Clementino, Leandro C. [1] ; Fusco-Almeida, Ana M. [1] ; De Annunzio, Sarah R. [1] ; Fontana, Carla R. [1] ; Verga, Juliane B. M. [1] ; Eto, Silas F. [3] ; Pizauro-Junior, Joao M. [3] ; Graminha, Marcia A. S. [1] ; Cilli, Eduardo M. [2]
Número total de Autores: 12
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Clin Anal, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Chem, Dept Biochem & Technol Chem, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Fac Agr & Vet Sci, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 15, n. 3 MAR 26 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0

Parasitic diseases are a neglected and serious problem, especially in underdeveloped countries. Among the major parasitic diseases, Leishmaniasis figures as an urgent challenge due to its high incidence and severity. At the same time, the indiscriminate use of antibiotics by the population is increasing together with resistance to medicines. To address this problem, new antibiotic-like molecules that directly kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms are necessary, where antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) can be of great help. In this work, the ferrocene molecule, one active compound with low levels of in vivo toxicity, was coupled to the N-terminus of the RP1 peptide (derived from the human chemokine CXCL4), aiming to evaluate how this change modifies the structure, biological activity, and toxicity of the peptide. The peptide and the conjugate were synthesized using the solid phase peptide synthesis (SPPS). Circular dichroism assays in PBS showed that the RP1 peptide and its conjugate had a typical spectrum for disordered structures. The Fc-RP1 presented anti-amastigote activity against Leishmania amazonensis (IC50 = 0.25 mu mol L-1). In comparison with amphotericin B, a second-line drug approved for leishmaniasis treatment, (IC50 = 0.63 mu mol L-1), Fc-RP1 was more active and showed a 2.5-fold higher selectivity index. The RP1 peptide presented a MIC of 4.3 mu mol L-1 against S. agalactiae, whilst Fc-RP1 was four times more active (MIC = 0.96 mu mol L-1), indicating that ferrocene improved the antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria. The Fc-RP1 peptide also decreased the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) in the assays against E. faecalis (MIC = 7.9 mu mol L-1), E. coli (MIC = 3.9 mu mol L-1) and S. aureus (MIC = 3.9 mu mol L-1). The cytotoxicity of the compounds was tested against HaCaT cells, and no significant activity at the highest concentration tested (500 mu g. mL(-1)) was observed, showing the high potential of this new compound as a possible new drug. The coupling of ferrocene also increased the vesicle permeabilization of the peptide, showing a direct relation between high peptide concentration and high carboxy-fluorescein release, which indicates the action mechanism by pore formation on the vesicles. Several studies have shown that ferrocene destabilizes cell membranes through lipid peroxidation, leading to cell lysis. It is noteworthy that the Fc-RP1 peptide synthesized here is a prototype of a bioconjugation strategy, but it still is a compound with great biological activity against neglected and fish diseases. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/11384-8 - Plano anual de aplicação da parcela da reserva técnica para custos de infraestrutura do Instituto de Química/UNESP
Beneficiário:Eduardo Maffud Cilli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Reserva Técnica para Infra-estrutura Institucional de Pesquisa
Processo FAPESP: 13/07600-3 - CIBFar - Centro de Inovação em Biodiversidade e Fármacos
Beneficiário:Glaucius Oliva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs