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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Neonatal nutritional strategy of a viviparous elasmobranch with extremely low reproductive output

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Rangel, Bianca de Sousa [1] ; Hussey, Nigel Edward [2] ; Niella, Yuri [3] ; Martinelli, Luiz Antonio [4] ; Gomes, Aline Dal'Olio [1] ; Moreira, Renata Guimaraes [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociancias, Lab Metab & Reprod Organismos Aquat, Dept Fisiol, Rua Matao, Travessa 14, 321 Cidade Univ, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Windsor, Dept Biol Sci, Windsor, ON N9B 3P4 - Canada
[3] Macquarie Univ, Dept Biol Sci, N Ryde, NSW 2109 - Australia
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, CENA, Dept Ecol Isotop, BR-13416000 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: MARINE ECOLOGY-PROGRESS SERIES; v. 638, p. 107-121, MAR 19 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Throughout evolutionary history, elasmobranchs have developed diverse reproductive strategies. Little focused work, however, has addressed how neonatal nutritional state is affected by differing degrees of maternal investment associated with these markedly different reproductive strategies. To investigate the effect of maternal investment on the nutritional quality of pups during the early life history of an extremely viviparous elasmobranch, quantitative biomarker analysis including lipids, fatty acids and stable isotopes was conducted. Using the cownose ray Rhinoptera bonasus (histotrophic viviparous) as a model, we found that pups were initially born in a positive nutritional state, enriched in physiologically important essential fatty acids and nitrogen and carbon stable isotope values (delta N-15 and delta C-13), a result of maternal intrauterine transfer. A systematic decrease in some fatty acids and delta N-15 values, as well as a decrease in cholesterol with growth, confirmed that these substrates were derived from maternal resources and used in initial metabolic processes following birth. An observed increase in condition factor, plasma essential fatty acids and triglyceride:cholesterol ratio with increasing body size identified a progression towards successful independent foraging with pups not displaying marked nutritional deficiency or fasting phases. Our multi-tracer approach allowed the identification of 2 size classes of young rays (<50 and <70 cm disc width) that displayed distinct physiological states. Since prenatal maternal investment is critical for offspring condition and to promote successful foraging post birth, understanding the trophic ecology and physiological state of pups during their first year is critical to guide management and conservation within nursery grounds. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/09095-2 - Lipídios e isótopos estáveis como indicadores de investimento materno e estratégias nutricionais neonatais em raias vivíparas histotróficas
Beneficiário:Bianca de Sousa Rangel
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 14/16320-7 - Impactos das mudanças climáticas e ambientais sobre a fauna: uma abordagem integrativa
Beneficiário:Carlos Arturo Navas Iannini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático