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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Influence of tropical reservoirs eutrophication on the polyunsaturated fatty acid profile in Astyanax altiparanae (Pisces: Characidae)

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Marques, V. H. [1] ; Moreira, R. G. [1] ; Gomes, A. D. [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Fisiol, 101 Rua Matao, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Science of The Total Environment; v. 717, MAY 15 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The eutrophication increases the quantity of algae that are deficient in highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA) n3, as EPA (eicosapentaenoic add) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), altering the bottom-up transfer of the entire food chain. Due to the importance of the fatty adds (FA) in physiological processes related to the main role of the membrane phospholipids (PL) and precursors of eicosanoids, and also the little knowledge about the influence of eutrophication in tropical ecosystems, it is important to understand how anthropogenic changes in the aquatic ecosystem affect the lipid quality, specifically n3 HUFAs. This study aimed to investigate the influence of eutrophication on the FA profile of the hepatic PL, as well as prostaglandin (PG) levels in Astyanax altiparanae females. Fish were collected in reservoirs with different eutrophication degrees: Jundiai (Ju) reservoir and EmbuGuacu (EG) branch, considered as mesotrophic points, and Barragem (Ba) and Aracati (Ar), branches from Guarapiranga reservoir, considered as supereutrophic and hypereutrophic points, respectively. The FA profile of the liver PL was analyzed by gas chromatography, and the concentration of liver PGE2 was analyzed using EUSA immunoassay kits. The degree of eutrophication did not alter the PG concentration and produced few modifications in the FA profile of hepatic PL. Fish collected at Ba and EG presented similar FA profiles, both with high percentages of n3 HUM especially DHA, in comparison to fish from Ju. However, no change was observed in the n3 HUFA profile of the fish from Ar. These data demonstrated that the FA profile in A. altiparanae seems to be more related to different physiological requirements of n3 HUFA of the species than eutrophication. So, this study contributed to findings on the trophic transfer dynamics in tropical freshwater reservoirs, where a direct effect of eutrophication on the availability of HUFA n3 to animals is not suggested. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/07363-0 - Influência da eutrofização dos reservatórios na transferência trófica dos ácidos graxos a uma espécie de peixe onívora
Beneficiário:Aline Dal Olio Gomes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 17/15662-0 - A influência da eutrofização no perfil de ácidos graxos dos fosfolipídios em peixes teleósteos de hábitos alimentares diferentes
Beneficiário:Victor Hugo Marques Lorenti
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 14/16320-7 - Impactos das mudanças climáticas e ambientais sobre a fauna: uma abordagem integrativa
Beneficiário:Carlos Arturo Navas Iannini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 17/11530-1 - Ajustes fisiológicos de teleósteos tropicais em reservatórios impactados
Beneficiário:Renata Guimarães Moreira Whitton
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular