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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

QSAR studies on benzothiophene derivatives as Plasmodium falciparum N-myristoyltransferase inhibitors: Molecular insights into affinity and selectivity

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Garcia, Mariana L. [1] ; de Oliveira, Andrew A. [1] ; Bueno, V, Renata ; Nogueira, Victor H. R. [2] ; de Souza, Guilherme E. [2] ; Guido, Rafael V. C. [2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Inst Phys, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Bueno, Renata, V, Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Inst Phys, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Drug Development Research; FEB 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Malaria is an infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Plasmodium and transmitted by Anopheles spp. mosquitos. Due to the emerging resistance to currently available drugs, great efforts must be invested in discovering new molecular targets and drugs. N-myristoyltransferase (NMT) is an essential enzyme to parasites and has been validated as a chemically tractable target for the discovery of new drug candidates against malaria. In this work, 2D and 3D quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) studies were conducted on a series of benzothiophene derivatives as P. falciparum NMT (PfNMT) and human NMT (HsNMT) inhibitors to shed light on the molecular requirements for inhibitor affinity and selectivity. A combination of Quantitative Structure-activity Relationship (QSAR) methods, including the hologram quantitative structure-activity relationship (HQSAR), comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA), and comparative molecular similarity index analysis (CoMSIA) models, were used, and the impacts of the molecular alignment strategies (maximum common substructure and flexible ligand alignment) and atomic partial charge methods (Gasteiger-Huckel, MMFF94, AM1-BCC, CHELPG, and Mulliken) on the quality and reliability of the models were assessed. The best models exhibited internal consistency and could reasonably predict the inhibitory activity against both PfNMT (HQSAR: q(2)/r(2)/r(pred)(2) = 0.83/0.98/0.81; CoMFA: q(2)/r(2)/r(pred)(2) = 0.78/0.97/0.86; CoMSIA: q(2)/r(2)/r(pred)(2) = 0.74/0.95/0.82) and HsNMT (HQSAR: q(2)/r(2)/r(pred)(2) = 0.79/0.93/0.74; CoMFA: q(2)/r(2)/r(pred)(2) = 0.82/0.98/0.60; CoMSIA: q(2)/r(2)/r(pred)(2) = 0.62/0.95/0.56). The results enabled the identification of the polar interactions (electrostatic and hydrogen-bonding properties) as the major molecular features that affected the inhibitory activity and selectivity. These findings should be useful for the design of PfNMT inhibitors with high affinities and selectivities as antimalarial lead candidates. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/04737-8 - Descoberta e planejamento de inibidores da síntese de folatos como candidatos a defensivos agrícolas para a cultura da cana-de-açúcar
Beneficiário:Renata Vieira Bueno
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/07600-3 - CIBFar - Centro de Inovação em Biodiversidade e Fármacos
Beneficiário:Glaucius Oliva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs
Processo FAPESP: 15/07005-3 - Estudos de Biologia Estrutural e Química Medicinal para a descoberta e planejamento de novos agroquímicos
Beneficiário:Andrew Albert de Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto
Processo FAPESP: 15/21272-4 - Estudos computacionais da enzima N-Miristoiltransferase de Plasmodium Falciparum e seus inibidores como candidatos a agentes antimaláricos
Beneficiário:Mariana Lopes Garcia
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado