Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Oscillations and collective excitability in a model of stochastic neurons under excitatory and inhibitory coupling

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Dias Pinto, Italo'Ivo Lima [1] ; Copelli, Mauro [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Fed Univ Pernambuco UFPE, Dept Phys, BR-50670901 Recife, PE - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Physical Review E; v. 100, n. 6 DEC 24 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

We study a model with excitable neurons modeled as stochastic units with three states, representing quiescence, firing, and refractoriness. The transition rates between quiescence and firing depend exponentially on the number of firing neighbors, whereas all other rates are kept constant. This model class was shown to exhibit collective oscillations (synchronization) if neurons are spiking autonomously, but not if neurons are in the excitable regime. In both cases, neurons were restricted to interact through excitatory coupling. Here we show that a plethora of collective phenomena appear if inhibitory coupling is added. Besides the usual transition between an absorbing and an active phase, the model with excitatory and inhibitory neurons can also undergo reentrant transitions to an oscillatory phase. In the mean-field description, oscillations can emerge through supercritical or subcritical Hopf bifurcations, as well as through infinite period bifurcations. The model has bistability between active and oscillating behavior, as well as collective excitability, a regime where the system can display a peak of global activity when subject to a sufficiently strong perturbation. We employ a variant of the Shinomoto-Kuramoto order parameter to characterize the phase transitions and their system-size dependence. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/07699-0 - Centro de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão em Neuromatemática - NeuroMat
Beneficiário:Jefferson Antonio Galves
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs