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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Is somatosensory electrical stimulation effective in relieving spasticity? A systematic review

Autor(es):
Cavalcanti Garcia, Marco Antonio [1, 2, 3] ; Vargas, Claudia Domingues [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Inst Biofis Carlos Chagas Filho, Lab Neurobiol Movimento, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Juiz De Fora, Fac Fisioterapia, Dept Fisioterapia Idoso Adulto & Maternoinfantil, Juiz De Fora, MG - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Escola Educ Fis & Desportos, Dept Biociencias & Atividades Fis, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: JOURNAL OF MUSCULOSKELETAL & NEURONAL INTERACTIONS; v. 19, n. 3, p. 317-325, SEP 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Spasticity is a sensorimotor disorder widely recognized as one of the features that contribute to patients' disability. Transcutaneous electric neural stimulation (TENS/SES) has been adopted in spasticity rehabilitation as an alternative to pharmacological agents. Although previous studies have reported clinical benefits of TENS/SES in relieving spasticity, there is no clarity on how and whether this therapeutic modality affects specific neural circuitries. Thus, this systematic review aimed to verify the efficacy of TENS/SES in the control of spasticity and its consequences in spinal and corticospinal excitability. This study was carried out according to PRISMA recommendations using SCOPUS, PubMed, BVS, Google Scholar and BASE databases screening, which provided 483 references. Six additional records were found from other sources. All these records were submitted to a filtering process following the eligibility criteria, and 44 studies were selected for further analysis. Ten were replicas. Consequently, 34 studies were read in full with the aim of checking their eligibility criterion, which resulted in 10 manuscripts for qualitative synthesis. Even though they evaluated the effects of TENS/SES both at the spinal and/or corticospinal levels, the electrophysiological results seem to be inconsistent, corroborating the lack of agreement between them and with clinical outcomes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/07699-0 - Centro de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão em Neuromatemática - NeuroMat
Beneficiário:Jefferson Antonio Galves
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs