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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Thermal manipulation and GnRHa therapy applied to the reproduction of lambari-do-rabo-amarelo, Astyanax altiparanae females (Characiformes: Characidae) during the non-breeding season

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Autor(es):
Brambila-Souza, G. [1] ; Mylonas, C. C. [2] ; Mello, P. H. [1] ; Kuradomi, R. Y. [3] ; Batlouni, S. R. [1] ; Tolussi, C. E. [4] ; Moreira, R. G. [5]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Ctr Aquicultura, Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Hellen Ctr Marine Res, Inst Marine Biol Biotechnol & Aquaculture, Iraklion, Crete - Greece
[3] Univ Nilton Lins, Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[4] Univ Anhembi Morumbi, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: General and Comparative Endocrinology; v. 279, p. 120-128, AUG 1 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Lambari-do-rabo-amarelo Astyanax altiparanae in the wild reproduce during spring and summer, but females undergo vitellogenesis throughout the year, including the non-spawning winter period when water temperatures are low. The present study investigated the physiological role of temperature modulation on the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonads axis of lambari during winter, as well as the effects of gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) therapy. Captive females were exposed to two different temperatures (20 degrees C and 27 degrees C) and were injected weekly with GnRHa for 21 days during winter (Control, CTR; Low dose; LD and high dose of GnRHa, HD). At the end of the 21-days period gonadosomatic index (GSI), oocyte stage of development and theoretical fecundity were evaluated, together with plasma levels of 17 beta-estradiol (E-2). Gene expression of the two pituitary gonadotropins follicle-stimulating hormone (fsh beta) and luteinizing hormone (lh beta), as well as hepatic vitellogenin-A (vtgA) expression were also analyzed. At the end of the experimental period, females from the six different experimental conditions were induced to spawn using human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). Spawning performance parameters and plasma levels of the maturation inducing steroid (MIS) were analyzed. Gene expression of fsh beta did not change with temperature manipulation, but females exposed to 27 degrees C and supplemented with a HD of GnRHa exhibited an increased fsh beta gene expression, associated with higher E-2 levels. The higher water temperature alone was able to increase E-2 levels. At both water temperatures GnRHa injections induced a decrease in E-2 levels. GnRHa injected females had a lower vtgA gene expression levels at 20 degrees C. Even with differences in the gene expression of gonadotropins among the various temperature/GnRHa treatments, GSI and oocyte diameter did not change, but GnRHa enhanced the number of vitellogenic oocytes at 20 degrees C. The reproductive performance of lambari induced to spawn with hCG was better after the combined treatment with GnRHa and summer temperature. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/16320-7 - Impactos das mudanças climáticas e ambientais sobre a fauna: uma abordagem integrativa
Beneficiário:Carlos Arturo Navas Iannini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático