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Using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to evaluate biological effects induced by photodynamic therapy

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Lima, Cassio A. [1] ; Goulart, Viviane P. [1] ; Correa, Luciana [2] ; Zezell, Denise M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, IPEN, CNEN SP, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Odontol, BR-SP055080 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine; v. 48, n. 5, p. 538-545, JUL 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 3

Background and ObjectiveVibrational spectroscopic methods associated with multivariate statistical techniques have been succeeded in discriminating skin lesions from normal tissues. However, there is no study exploring the potential of these techniques to assess the alterations promoted by photodynamic effect in tissue. The present study aims to demonstrate the ability of Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy on Attenuated total reflection (ATR) sampling mode associated with principal component-linear discriminant analysis (PC-LDA) to evaluate the biochemical changes caused by photodynamic therapy (PDT) in skin neoplastic tissue. Materials and MethodsCutaneous neoplastic lesions, precursors of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), were chemically induced in Swiss mice and submitted to a single session of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-mediated PDT. Tissue sections with 5m thickness were obtained from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) and processed prior to the histopathological analysis and spectroscopic measurements. Spectra were collected in mid-infrared region using a FTIR spectrometer on ATR sampling mode. Principal Component-Linear Discriminant Analysis (PC-LDA) was applied on preprocessed second derivatives spectra. Biochemical changes were assessed using PCA-loadings and accuracy of classification was obtained from PC-LDA . ResultsSub-bands of Amide I (1,624 and 1,650cm(-1)) and Amide II (1,517cm(-1)) indicated a protein overexpression in non-treated and post-PDT neoplastic tissue compared with healthy skin, as well as a decrease in collagen fibers (1,204, 1,236, 1,282, and 1,338cm(-1)) and glycogen (1,028, 1,082, and 1,151cm(-1)) content. Photosensitized neoplastic tissue revealed shifted peak position and decreased -sheet secondary structure of proteins (1,624cm(-1)) amount in comparison to non-treated neoplastic lesions. PC-LDA score plots discriminated non-treated neoplastic skin spectra from post-PDT cutaneous lesions with accuracy of 92.8%, whereas non-treated neoplastic skin was discriminated from healthy tissue with 93.5% accuracy and post-PDT cutaneous lesions was discriminated from healthy tissue with 89.7% accuracy. ConclusionPC-LDA was able to discriminate ATR-FTIR spectra of non-treated and post-PDT neoplastic lesions, as well as from healthy skin. Thus, the method can be used for early diagnosis of premalignant skin lesions, as well as to evaluate the response to photodynamic treatment. Lasers Surg. Med. 48:538-545, 2016. (c) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 05/51689-2 - Centro de Pesquisa em Óptica e Fotônica - UNICAMP (CEPOF-UNICAMP)
Beneficiário:Hugo Luis Fragnito
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs