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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Motor Coordination Correlates with Academic Achievement and Cognitive Function in Children

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Autor(es):
Fernandes, Valter P. [1] ; Scipiao Ribeiro, Michelle L. [2] ; Melo, Thais [1] ; Maciel-Pinheiro, Paulo de Tarso [3] ; Guimaraes, Thiago T. [4] ; Araujo, Narahyana B. [2] ; Ribeiro, Sidarta [5] ; Deslandes, Andrea C. [6]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Sch Sports & Phys Educ, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Inst Psychiat, Ctr Alzheimers Dis & Related Disorders, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Fluminense, Inst Phys Educ, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[4] Univ Estacio Sa, Exercise Physiol Lab, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, Inst Brain, Natal, RN - Brazil
[6] Univ Estaduai Rio de Janeiro, Inst Educ Fis & Desporto, Neurosci Exercise Lab, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY; v. 7, MAR 15 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 17
Resumo

The relationship between exercise and cognition is an important topic of research that only recently began to unravel. Here, we set out to investigate the relation between motor skills, cognitive function, and school performance in 45 students from 8 to 14 years of age. We used a cross-sectional design to evaluate motor coordination (Touch Test Disc), agility (Shuttle Run Speed running back and forth), school performance (Academic Achievement Test), the Stroop test, and six sub-tests of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-IV (WISC-IV). We found, that the Touch Test Disc was the best predictor of school performance (R-2 = 0.20). Significant correlations were also observed between motor coordination and several indices of cognitive function, such as the total score of the Academic Achievement Test (AAT; Spearman's rho = 0.536; p <= 0.001), as well as two WISC-IV sub-tests: block design (R = -0.438; p = 0.003) and cancelation (rho = -0.471; p = 0.001). All the other cognitive variables pointed in the same direction, and even correlated with agility, but did not reach statistical significance. Altogether, the data indicate that visual motor coordination and visual selective attention, but not agility, may influence academic achievement and cognitive function. The results highlight the importance of investigating the correlation between physical skills and different aspects of cognition. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/07699-0 - Centro de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão em Neuromatemática - NeuroMat
Beneficiário:Jefferson Antonio Galves
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs