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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Menthol Inhibits Detrusor Contractility Independently of TRPM8 Activation

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Saragossa Ramos-Filho, Antonio Celso [1] ; Shah, Ajay [2] ; Augusto, Taize Machado [3] ; Barbosa, Guilherme Oliveira [3] ; Leiria, Luiz Osorio [1] ; de Carvalho, Hernandes Faustino [3] ; Antunes, Edson [1] ; Grant, Andrew Douglas [2]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Pharmacol, Campinas - Brazil
[2] Kings Coll London, Wolfson Ctr Age Related Dis, London - England
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Anat Cellular Biol Physiol & Biophys, Campinas - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 9, n. 11 NOV 6 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 10
Resumo

Agonists such as icilin and menthol can activate the cool temperature-sensitive ion channel TRPM8. However, biological responses to menthol may occur independently of TRPM8 activation. In the rodent urinary bladder, menthol facilitates the micturition reflex but inhibits muscarinic contractions of the detrusor smooth muscle. The site(s) of TRPM8 expression in the bladder are controversial. In this study we investigated the regulation of bladder contractility in vitro by menthol. Bladder strips from wild type and TRPM8 knockout male mice (25-30 g) were dissected free and mounted in organ baths. Isometric contractions to carbachol (1 nM-30 mu M), CaCl2 (1 mu M to 100 mM) and electrical field stimulation (EFS; 8, 16, 32 Hz) were measured. Strips from both groups contracted similarly in response to both carbachol and EFS. Menthol (300 mu M) or nifedipine (1 mu M) inhibited carbachol and EFS-induced contractions in both wild type and TRPM8 knockout bladder strips. Incubation with the sodium channel blocker tetrodotoxin (1 mu M), replacement of extracellular sodium with the impermeant cation N-Methyl-D-Glucamine, incubation with a cocktail of potassium channel inhibitors (100 nM charybdotoxin, 1 mu M apamin, 10 mu M glibenclamide and 1 mu M tetraethylammonium) or removal of the urothelium did not affect the inhibitory actions of menthol. Contraction to CaCl2 was markedly inhibited by either menthol or nifedipine. In cultured bladder smooth muscle cells, menthol or nifedipine abrogated the carbachol or KCl-induced increases in {[}Ca2+](i). Intravesical administration of menthol increased voiding frequency while decreasing peak voiding pressure. We conclude that menthol inhibits muscarinic bladder contractions through blockade of L-type calcium channels, independently of TRPM8 activation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57906-3 - Instituto Nacional de Fotônica Aplicada à Biologia Celular - INFABIC
Beneficiário:Hernandes Faustino de Carvalho
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático