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Brazil and international recommendations on health response in environmental disasters: the case of Brumadinho

Grant number: 19/24359-4
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2020
Effective date (End): December 31, 2020
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - International Politics
Principal Investigator:Fernanda Mello Sant Anna
Grantee:Gabriela Fideles Silva
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Humanas e Sociais (FCHS). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Franca. Franca , SP, Brazil

Abstract

In perspective of the environmental disasters that come from modernity, and the constant risk it brings, one lives today in a risk society, where human actions in pursuit of development generate major impacts on the environment. In this sense, there is a growing need for studies in the area of environmental health and global health to understand the effects of disasters on the well-being of the population.This paper aims to analyze the recommendations of international health organizations, such as the World Health Organization and the Pan American Health Organization, and Brazil's actions in the face of disasters, focusing on the mining dam disruption of the municipality of Brumadinho, which took place in January 2019.It is intended to examine the impacts of the dam rupture on the population's health and the Brazilian actions to mitigate its effects. International organizations, with their regulations and recommendations, play an important role in managing health emergencies around the world. A study that encompasses the interconnectedness of global health as part of International Relations studies and environmental health is essential for an efficient and effective health response to environmental disasters in Brazil.