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Coalitions and second-tier offices in Brazilian Presidentialism

Grant number: 20/03106-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2020
Effective date (End): May 31, 2021
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - State and Government
Principal Investigator:Fernando de Magalhães Papaterra Limongi
Grantee:Beatriz de Almeida Brito
Home Institution: Centro Brasileiro de Análise e Planejamento (CEBRAP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:16/14525-6 - Political institutions, patterns of executive-legislative relations and government capacity, AP.TEM

Abstract

Although coalition governments are a widespread empirical reality, little is known about the conditions responsible for supporting the agreement between the parties of the governing base. In presidential terms, it is up to the president to decide which parties will be partners and, to the guests, only to respond in a positive or negative way. The commitment is sealed by the granting of ministries, however, the impact of government fragmentation regarding the formation of the substantive agenda of the Executive is unknown. Do these parties seek to influence policies or just enjoy the benefits of the commission? Is the presidential agenda compromised in favor of the coalition agenda? If so, is there party autonomy in relation to the area of responsibility of the ministry under your management? Or do the parties, once inserted in the coalition, try to control the policies developed by their partners? In order to answer these questions, two empirical fronts need to be mobilized. The first one concerns the collection of information about the parties that occupied ministerial portfolios during all coalitions already formed in Brazil since 1988 and the second one concerns the second tier government positions that each of these parties occupy/appoint.