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From poison to antidote: how coalition rupture can explain the way they work

Grant number: 16/20052-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): February 01, 2017
Effective date (End): July 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - Political Behavior
Principal Investigator:Fernando de Magalhães Papaterra Limongi
Grantee:Ligiane Alves de Oliveira Silva
Home Institution: Centro Brasileiro de Análise e Planejamento (CEBRAP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Currently, studies about Brazilian coalitions concern the analysis of their functioning and behavior, as well as their possible issues related to the formation of coalitions in our multiparty presidentialism - in comparison to parliamentary systems. This project seeks to introduce a new perspective to the studies about coalitions in the Brazilian political system, which comprises: the analysis of strategies employed to dissolve it. Which aspects and characteristics of political dynamics influence a party to leave the government? In other words: which aspects and characteristics of this dynamic determine that a party rationally consider that not being part of the government will not imply diminishing the possibility of realizing public policies and/or raising costs? Once observed and described the functioning of coalitions following the existent bibliography, I intend to observe empirically the behavior of political parties: whether there are indications - and which are they - that coalitions in the Brazilian presidential government malfunctioned before their end. (AU)